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This Day in History: October 1


1800 – Spain cedes Louisiana to France via the Treaty of San Ildefonso.

1811 – The first steamboat to sail the Mississippi River arrives in New Orleans.

1832 – Texian political delegates convened at San Felipe de Austin to petition for changes in the governance of Mexican Texas.

1880 – John Philip Sousa becomes leader of the United States Marine Band.

1880 – First electric lamp factory is opened by Thomas Edison.

1890 – Yosemite National Park is established by the U.S. Congress.

1891 – In California, Stanford University opens its doors.

1903 – Baseball: The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series.

1908 – Ford puts the Model T car on the market at a price of US$825.

1910 – Los Angeles Times bombing: A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building in downtown Los Angeles, killing 21.

1931 – The George Washington Bridge linking New Jersey and New York opens.

1938 – Germany annexes the Sudetenland.

1939 – After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile Nazi forces enter the city.

1940 – The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic.

1942 – USS Grouper torpedoes Lisbon Maru not knowing she is carrying British PoWs from Hong Kong

1942 – First flight of the Bell XP-59 "Aircomet".

1943 – World War II: Naples falls to Allied soldiers.

1946 – Nazi leaders are sentenced at Nuremberg trials.

1955 – The Honeymooners premiered on American television.

1957 – First appearance of In God we trust on U.S. paper currency.

1958 – NASA is created to replace NACA.

1961 – The United States Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is formed, becoming the country's first centralized military espionage organization.

1962 – First broadcast of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson.

1964 – The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California, Berkeley.

1969 – Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time.

1971 – Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Florida, United States.

1975 – Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.

1975 – Al Jackson, Jr. (Booker T. & the M.G.'s), was shot fatally five times in the back in his own home.

1979 – Pope John Paul II begins his first pastoral visit to the United States.

1979 – The United States returns sovereignty of the Panama Canal to Panama.

1982 – Epcot opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.

1987 – The 5.9 Mw Whittier Narrows earthquake shakes the San Gabriel Valley with a Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe).

1992 – Cartoon Network begins broadcasting.

1994 – Palau gains independence from the United Nations (trusteeship administered by the United States of America).


1712 – William Shippen, American physician and politician (d. 1801)

1808 – Mary Anna Custis Lee, American wife of Robert E. Lee (d. 1873)

1832 – Caroline Harrison, American educator, 24th First Lady of the United States (d. 1892)

1832 – Henry Clay Work, American composer and songwriter (d. 1884)

1881 – William Boeing, American engineer and businessman, founded the Boeing Company (d. 1956)

1885 – Louis Untermeyer, American anthologist, author, and critic (d. 1977)

1903 – Vladimir Horowitz, Ukrainian-American pianist and composer (d. 1989)

1910 – Bonnie Parker, American criminal (d. 1934)

1914 – Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, lawyer, and author, 12th Librarian of Congress (d. 2004)

1915 – Jerome Bruner, American psychologist and author (d. 2016)

1924 – Jimmy Carter, American lieutenant and politician, 39th President of the United States, Nobel Prizelaureate

1924 – William Rehnquist, American lawyer and jurist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 2005)

1927 – Tom Bosley, American actor (d. 2010)

1945 – Rod Carew, Panamanian-American baseball player and coach

1947 – Dave Arneson, American game designer, co-created Dungeons & Dragons (d. 2009)


1984 – Walter Alston, American baseball player and manager (b. 1911)

1985 – E. B. White, American journalist and author (b. 1899)

1990 – Curtis LeMay, American general (b. 1906)

2013 – Tom Clancy, American author (b. 1947)