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This Day in History: November 7


1775 – John Murray, the Royal Governor of the Colony of Virginia, starts the first mass emancipation of slaves in North America by issuing Lord Dunmore's Offer of Emancipation, which offers freedom to slaves who abandoned their colonial masters in order to fight with Murray and the British.

1786 – The oldest musical organization in the United States is founded as the Stoughton Musical Society.

1811 – Tecumseh's War: The Battle of Tippecanoe is fought near present-day Battle Ground, Indiana, United States.

1837 – In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy is shot dead by a mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.

1861 – American Civil War: Battle of Belmont: In Belmont, Missouri, Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant overrun a Confederate camp but are forced to retreat when Confederate reinforcements arrive.

1874 – A cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper's Weekly, is considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the United States Republican Party.

1893 – Women's suffrage: Women in the U.S. state of Colorado are granted the right to vote, the second state to do so.

1907 – Delta Sigma Pi is founded at New York University.

1908 – Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid are reportedly killed in San Vicente, Bolivia.

1910 – The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.

1913 – The first day of the Great Lakes Storm of 1913, a massive blizzard that ultimately killed 250 and caused over $5 million (about $118,098,000 in 2013 dollars) damage. Winds reach hurricane force on this date.

1914 – The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published.

1916 – Jeannette Rankin is the first woman elected to the United States Congress.

1929 – In New York City, the Museum of Modern Art opens to the public.

1940 – In Tacoma, Washington, the original Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapses in a windstorm, a mere four months after the bridge's completion.

1944 – A passenger train derails in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico from excessive speed when descending a hill. Sixteen people are killed and 50 are injured.

1944 – Franklin D. Roosevelt elected for a record fourth term as President of the United States of America.

1957 – Cold War: The Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.

1967 – Carl B. Stokes is elected as Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, becoming the first African American mayor of a major American city.

1967 – US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967, establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

1973 – The United States Congress overrides President Richard M. Nixon's veto of the War Powers Resolution, which limits presidential power to wage war without congressional approval.

1983 – United States Senate bombing: A bomb explodes inside the United States Capitol. No one is injured, but an estimated $250,000 in damage is caused.

1989 – Douglas Wilder wins the governor's seat in Virginia, becoming the first elected African American governor in the United States.

1989 – David Dinkins becomes the first African American to be elected Mayor of New York City.

1991 – Magic Johnson announces that he is infected with HIV and retires from the NBA.

1994 – WXYC, the student radio station of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, provides the world's first internet radio broadcast.

1996 – NASA launches the Mars Global Surveyor.

2000 – Hillary Rodham Clinton is elected to the United States Senate, becoming the first First Lady (former or current) to win a competitive election for public office in the United States.

2000 – Controversial US presidential election that is later resolved in the Bush v. Gore Supreme Court Case.

2000 – The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration discovers one of the country's largest LSD labs inside a converted military missile silo in Wamego, Kansas.

2004 – Iraq War: The interim government of Iraq calls for a 60-day "state of emergency" as U.S. forces storm the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.


1728 – James Cook, English captain, navigator, and cartographer (d. 1779)

1832 – Andrew Dickson White, American historian, academic, and diplomat, co-founded Cornell University (d. 1918)

1915 – Philip Morrison, American astrophysicist and academic (d. 2005)

1918 – Billy Graham, American minister and author

1930 – Rudy Boschwitz, German-American soldier and politician

1938 – Jim Kaat, American baseball player, coach, and sportscaster

1952 – David Petraeus, American general, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency


1837 – Elijah Parish Lovejoy, American minister and journalist (b. 1809)

1962 – Eleanor Roosevelt, American humanitarian and politician, 39th First Lady of the United States (b. 1884)

1967 – John Nance Garner, American lawyer and politician, 32nd Vice President of the United States (b. 1868)

1978 – Gene Tunney, American boxer and actor (b. 1897)

1980 – Steve McQueen, American actor and producer (b. 1930)

1981 – Will Durant, American historian and philosopher (b. 1885)

2011 – Joe Frazier, American boxer and actor (b. 1944)

2016 -- Janet Reno, American Attorney General, first female to hold that position (b. 1938)