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This Day in History: November 25


1758 – French and Indian War: British forces capture Fort Duquesne from French control. Later, Fort Pitt will be built nearby and grow into modern Pittsburgh.

1783 – American Revolutionary War: The last British troops leave New York City three months after the signing of the Treaty of Paris.

1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Missionary Ridge: At Missionary Ridge in Tennessee, Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant break the Siege of Chattanooga by routing Confederate troops under General Braxton Bragg.

1864 – American Civil War: A group of Confederate operatives calling themselves the Confederate Army of Manhattan starts fires in more than 20 locations in an unsuccessful attempt to burn down New York City.

1874 – The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.

1876 – American Indian Wars: In retaliation for the American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops sack Chief Dull Knife's sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River.

1915 – Albert Einstein presents the field equations of general relativity to the Prussian Academy of Sciences.

1926 – The deadliest November tornado outbreak in U.S. history strikes on Thanksgiving Day. Twenty-seven twisters of great strength are reported in the Midwest, including the strongest November tornado, an estimated F4, that devastates Heber Springs, Arkansas. There are 51 deaths in Arkansas alone, 76 deaths and over 400 injuries in all.

1936 – In Berlin, Germany and Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact, agreeing to consult on measures "to safeguard their common interests" in the case of an unprovoked attack by the Soviet Union against either nation. The pact is renewed on the same day five years later with additional signatories.

1947 – Red Scare: The "Hollywood Ten" are blacklisted by Hollywood movie studios.

1950 – The Great Appalachian Storm of November 1950, known at the time as the "Storm of the Century", strikes New England with hurricane-force winds resulting in massive forest blow-downs and storm surge damage along the Northeast coast including New York City. This storm also brings blizzard conditions to the Appalachian Mountains and Ohio Valley, becoming one of the worst storms of all time. Three hundred fifty-three people die in the event.

1952 – Korean War: After 42 days of fighting, the Battle of Triangle Hill ends as American and South Korean units abandon their attempt to capture the "Iron Triangle".

1986 – Iran–Contra affair: U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese announces that profits from covert weapons sales to Iran were illegally diverted to the anti-communist Contra rebels in Nicaragua.

1996 – An ice storm strikes the central U.S., killing 26 people. A powerful windstorm affects Florida and winds gust over 90 mph, toppling trees and flipping trailers.

1999 – A 5-year-old Cuban boy, Elian Gonzalez, is rescued by fishermen while floating in an inner tube off the Florida coast.


1753 – Robert Townsend, American spy (d. 1838)

1835 – Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1919)

1846 – Carrie Nation, American activist (d. 1911)

1900 – Rudolf Höss, German SS officer (d. 1947)

1914 – Joe DiMaggio, American baseball player and coach (d. 1999)

1920 – Ricardo Montalbán, Mexican-American actor, singer, and director (d. 2009)

1920 – Noel Neill, American actress (d. 2016)

1944 – Ben Stein, American actor, lawyer, and author

1960 – Amy Grant, American singer-songwriter and actress

1960 – John F. Kennedy Jr., American lawyer, journalist, and publisher, co-founded George Magazine (d. 1999)

1981 – Barbara Pierce Bush, American activist

1981 – Jenna Bush Hager, American journalist and author

1983 – Joey Chestnut, American competitive eater


1885 – Thomas A. Hendricks, American lawyer and politician, 21st Vice President of the United States (b. 1819)

1920 – Gaston Chevrolet, French-American race car driver and businessman (b. 1892)

1944 – Kenesaw Mountain Landis, American lawyer and judge (b. 1866)

1949 – Bill Robinson, American actor and dancer (b. 1878)

1968 – Upton Sinclair, American journalist, author, and politician (b. 1878)

1998 – Flip Wilson, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1933)

2016     Fidel Castro. Cuban dictator (b. 1926)