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This Day in History: November 13


1775 – American Revolutionary War: Patriot revolutionary forces under Gen. Richard Montgomery occupy Montreal.

1851 – The Denny Party lands at Alki Point, before moving to the other side of Elliott Bay to what would become Seattle.

1918 – Allied troops occupy Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire.

1927 – The Holland Tunnel opens to traffic as the first Hudson River vehicle tunnel linking New Jersey to New York City.

1940 – Walt Disney's animated musical film Fantasia is first released, on the first night of a roadshow at New York's Broadway Theatre.

1942 – World War II: Naval Battle of Guadalcanal: U.S. and Japanese ships engage in an intense, close-quarters surface naval engagement during the Guadalcanal Campaign.

1956 – The Supreme Court of the United States declares Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal, thus ending the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

1969 – Vietnam War: Anti-war protesters in Washington, D.C. stage a symbolic March Against Death.

1974 – Ronald DeFeo, Jr. murders his entire family in Amityville, Long Island in the house that would become known as The Amityville Horror.

1982 – Ray Mancini defeats Duk Koo Kim in a boxing match held in Las Vegas. Kim's subsequent death (on November 17) leads to significant changes in the sport.

1982 – The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C. after a march to its site by thousands of Vietnam War veterans.

1985 – Xavier Suárez is sworn in as Miami's first Cuban-born mayor.

1988 – Mulugeta Seraw, an Ethiopian law student in Portland, Oregon is beaten to death by members of the Neo-Nazi group East Side White Pride.

2001 – War on Terror: In the first such act since World War II, US President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States.


1732 – John Dickinson, American lawyer and politician, 5th Governor of Pennsylvania (d. 1808)

1814 – Joseph Hooker, American general (d. 1879)

1833 – Edwin Booth, American actor and manager (d. 1893)

1856 – Louis Brandeis, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1941)

1911 – Buck O'Neil, American baseball player and manager (d. 2006)

1934 – Garry Marshall, American actor, director, and producer

1954 – Scott McNealy, American businessman, co-founded Sun Microsystems

1955 – Whoopi Goldberg, American actress, singer, and talk show host


1770 – George Grenville, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1712)

1952 – Margaret Wise Brown, American author (b. 1910)

1974 – Karen Silkwood, American technician and activist (b. 1946)