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This Day in U.S. History: March 28


1814 – War of 1812: The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom defeats the United States Navy in the Battle of Valparaíso, Chile.

1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Glorieta Pass – in New Mexico, Union forces stop the Confederate invasion of New Mexico territory. The battle began on March 26.

1946 – Cold War: The United States Department of State releases the Acheson–Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.

1978 – The US Supreme Court hands down 5–3 decision in Stump v. Sparkman, 435 U.S. 349, a controversial case involving involuntary sterilization and judicial immunity.

1979 – A coolant leak at the Three Mile Island's Unit 2 nuclear reactor outside Harrisburg, Pennsylvania leads to the core overheating and a partial meltdown.

1990 – United States President George H. W. Bush posthumously awards Jesse Owens the Congressional Gold Medal.


1793 – Henry Schoolcraft, American geographer, geologist, and ethnologist (d. 1864)

1836 – Frederick Pabst, German-American brewer, founded the Pabst Brewing Company (d. 1904)

1905 – Marlin Perkins, American zoologist and television host (d. 1986)

1958 – Bart Conner, American gymnast and sportscaster



1929 – Katharine Lee Bates, American poet and songwriter (b. 1859)

1953 – Jim Thorpe, American football player and coach (b. 1887)

1958 – W. C. Handy, American trumpet player and composer (b. 1873)

1969 – Dwight D. Eisenhower, American general and politician, 34th President of the United States (b. 1890)

1987 – Maria von Trapp, Austrian-American singer (b. 1905)

2012 – Earl Scruggs, American banjo player (b. 1924)