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This Day in History: June 27


1759 – General James Wolfe begins the siege of Quebec.

1760 – Cherokee warriors defeat British forces at the Battle of Echoee near present-day Otto, North Carolina during the Anglo-Cherokee War.

1844 – Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, and his brother Hyrum Smith, are killed by a mob at the Carthage, Illinois jail.

1895 – The inaugural run of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's Royal Blue from Washington, D.C., to New York City, the first U.S. passenger train to use electric locomotives.

1950 – The United States decides to send troops to fight in the Korean War.

1957 – Hurricane Audrey makes landfall near the Texas–Louisiana border, killing over 400 people, mainly in and around Cameron, Louisiana.

1971 – After only three years in business, rock promoter Bill Graham closes the Fillmore East in New York, New York, the "Church of Rock and Roll".

1974 – U.S. president Richard Nixon visits the Soviet Union.

1982 – Space Shuttle Columbia launched from the Kennedy Space Center on the final research and development flight mission, STS-4.

1985 – U.S. Route 66 is officially removed from the United States Highway System.

2013 – NASA launches the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph, a space probe to observe the Sun.


1880 – Helen Keller, American author, academic, and activist (d. 1968)

1913 – Willie Mosconi, American pool player (d. 1993)

1925 – Doc Pomus, American singer-songwriter (d. 1991)

1927 – Bob Keeshan, American actor and producer (d. 2004)

1928 – Rudy Perpich, American dentist and politician, 34th Governor of Minnesota (d. 1995)

1929 – Dick the Bruiser, American football player and wrestler (d. 1991)

1930 – Tommy Kono, American weightlifter and coach (d. 2016)

1930 – Ross Perot, American businessman and politician

1949 – Vera Wang, American fashion designer

1959 – Dan Jurgens, American author and illustrator

1966 – J. J. Abrams, American director, producer, and screenwriter

1975 – Tobey Maguire, American actor

1984 – Khloé Kardashian, American model, businesswoman, and radio host


1844 – Hyrum Smith, American religious leader (b. 1800)

1844 – Joseph Smith, American religious leader, founded the Latter Day Saint movement (b. 1805)

2001 – Jack Lemmon, American actor (b. 1925)

2002 – John Entwistle, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The Who) (b. 1944)

2004 – George Patton IV, American general (b. 1923)

2005 – Shelby Foote, American historian and author (b. 1917)

2005 – John T. Walton, American businessman, co-founded the Children's Scholarship Fund (b. 1946)

2009 – Gale Storm, American actress and singer (b. 1922)