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This Day in History: June 19


1586 – English colonists leave Roanoke Island, after failing to establish England's first permanent settlement in North America.

1846 – The first officially recorded, organized baseball game is played under Alexander Cartwright's rules on Hoboken, New Jersey's Elysian Fields with the New York Base Ball Club defeating the Knickerbockers 23–1. Cartwright umpired.

1862 – The U.S. Congress prohibits slavery in United States territories, nullifying Dred Scott v. Sandford.

1865 – Over two years after the Emancipation Proclamation, slaves in Galveston, Texas, United States, are finally informed of their freedom. The anniversary is still officially celebrated in Texas and 41 other contiguous states as Juneteenth.

1917 – The solar eclipse of June 19, 1917.

1934 – The Communications Act of 1934 establishes the United States' Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

1944 – World War II: First day of the Battle of the Philippine Sea.

1953 – Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are executed at Sing Sing, in New York.

1964 – The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is approved after surviving an 83-day filibuster in the United States Senate.

1978 – Garfield, holder of the Guinness World Record for the world's most widely syndicated comic strip, makes its debut.

2012 – WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange requested asylum in London's Ecuadorian Embassy for fear of extradition to the US after publication of previously classified documents including footage of civilian killings by the US army.


1843 – Mary Sibbet Copley, American philanthropist (d. 1929)

1850 – David Jayne Hill, American historian and politician, 24th United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1932)

1893 – Madeleine Astor, American survivor of the Sinking of the RMS Titanic (d. 1940)

1896 – Wallis Simpson, American wife of Edward VIII (d. 1986)

1897 – Moe Howard, American actor, singer, and screenwriter (d. 1975)

1900 – Laura Z. Hobson, American author (d. 1986)

1902 – Guy Lombardo, Canadian-American violinist and bandleader (d. 1977)

1903 – Lou Gehrig, American baseball player (d. 1941)

1910 – Abe Fortas, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1982)

1914 – Lester Flatt, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Foggy Mountain Boys and Nashville Grass) (d. 1979)

1915 – Julius Schwartz, American publisher and agent (d. 2004)

1940 – Shirley Muldowney, American race car driver

1945 – Tobias Wolff, American short story writer, memoirist, and novelist.

1948 – Phylicia Rashad, American actress and singer

1962 – Paula Abdul, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress

1964 – Laura Ingraham, American radio host and author

1976 – Dennis Crowley, American businessman, co-founded Foursquare

1983 – Macklemore, American rapper (Macklemore & Ryan Lewis)


1768 – Benjamin Tasker, Sr., American soldier and politician, 10th Colonial Governor of Maryland (b. 1690)

1786 – Nathanael Greene, American general (b. 1742)

1864 – Sarah Rosetta Wakeman, American soldier (b. 1843)

1953 – Ethel Rosenberg, American spy (b. 1915)

1953 – Julius Rosenberg, American spy (b. 1918)

1990 – George Addes, American trade union leader, co-founded United Automobile Workers (b. 1911)

2013 – Vince Flynn, American author (b. 1966)

2014 – Gerry Goffin, American songwriter (b. 1939)