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This Day in History: December 28


1832 – John C. Calhoun becomes the first Vice President of the United States to resign.

1835 – Osceola leads his Seminole warriors in Florida into the Second Seminole War against the United States Army.

1846 – Iowa is admitted as the 29th U.S. state.

1867 – United States claims Midway Atoll, the first territory annexed outside Continental limits.

1885 – Indian National Congress, a political party of India is founded in Bombay Presidency, British India.

1902 – The Syracuse Athletic Club defeated the New York Philadelphians, 5–0, in the first indoor professional football game, which was held at Madison Square Garden.

1912 – The first municipally owned streetcars take to the streets in San Francisco.

1941 – World War II: Operation Anthropoid, the plot to assassinate high-ranking Nazi officer Reinhard Heydrich, commences.

1948 – The DC-3 airliner NC16002 disappears 50 miles south of Miami.

1958 – "Greatest Game Ever Played": Baltimore Colts defeat the New York Giants in the first ever National Football League sudden death overtime game at New York's Yankee Stadium.

1973 – The Endangered Species Act is passed in the United States.

1978 – With the crew investigating a problem with the landing gear, United Airlines Flight 173 runs out of fuel and crashes in Portland, Oregon, killing ten. As a result, United Airlines instituted the industry's first crew resource management program.

2000 – U.S. retail giant Montgomery Ward announces it is going out of business after 128 years.


1722 – Eliza Lucas, Caribbean-American agriculturalist (d. 1793)

1856 – Woodrow Wilson, American historian and politician, 28th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1924)

1903 – Earl Hines, American pianist and bandleader (d. 1983)

1914 – Pops Staples, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Staple Singers) (d. 2000)

1922 – Stan Lee, American publisher, producer, and actor

1954 – Denzel Washington, American actor, director, and producer

1978 – John Legend, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor


1945 – Theodore Dreiser, American journalist and author (b. 1871)

1999 – Clayton Moore, American actor (b. 1914)

2016     Debbie Reynolds, American actress, dancer and singer (b. 1932)