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This Day in History: August 26


1748 – The first Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia.

1768 – Captain James Cook sets sail from England on board HMS Endeavour.

1791 – John Fitch is granted a United States patent for the steamboat.

1920 – The 19th amendment to United States Constitution takes effect, giving women the right to vote.

1942 – The Holocaust in Chortkiav, western Ukraine: At 2.30 am the German Schutzpolizei starts driving Jews out of their houses, divides them into groups of 120, packs them in freight cars and deports 2000 to Bełżec extermination camp. Five hundred of the sick and children are murdered on the spot.

1970 – The then-new feminist movement, led by Betty Friedan, leads a nationwide Women's Strike for Equality.

2015 – Two U.S. journalists are shot and killed by a disgruntled former coworker while conducting a live report in Moneta, Virginia.


1694 – Elisha Williams, American minister, academic, and politician (d. 1755)

1921 – Benjamin C. Bradlee, American journalist and author (d. 2014)

1922 – Irving R. Levine, American journalist and author (d. 2009)

1935 – Geraldine Ferraro, American lawyer and politician (d. 2011)

1960 – Branford Marsalis, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader


1930 – Lon Chaney, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1883)

1974 – Charles Lindbergh, American pilot and explorer (b. 1902)

1980 – Tex Avery, American animator, director, and voice actor (b. 1908)

1981 – Roger Nash Baldwin, American union leader, co-founded the American Civil Liberties Union (b. 1884)