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This Day in History: August 22


1654 – Jacob Barsimson arrives in New Amsterdam. He is the first known Jewish immigrant to America.

1711 – Ships from British Admiral Hovenden Walker's Quebec Expedition flounders on rocks at the mouth of the Saint Lawrence River.

1777 – American Revolutionary War: British forces abandon the Siege of Fort Stanwix after hearing rumors of Continental Army reinforcements.

1791 – Beginning of the Haitian Slave Revolution in Saint-Domingue.

1831 – Nat Turner's slave rebellion commences just after midnight in Southampton County, Virginia, leading to the deaths of more than 50 whites and several hundred African Americans who are killed in retaliation for the uprising.

1848 – The United States annexes New Mexico.

1851 – The first America's Cup is won by the yacht America.

1902 – Cadillac Motor Company is founded.

1902 – Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to ride in an automobile.

1941 – World War II: German troops reach Leningrad, leading to the siege of Leningrad.

1942 – World War II: Brazil declares war on Germany and Italy.

1944 – World War II: Romania is captured by the Soviet Union.

1944 – World War II: Holocaust of Kedros in Crete by German forces

1950 – Althea Gibson becomes the first black competitor in international tennis.

1963 – American Joe Walker in an X-15 test plane reaches an altitude of 107.96 km (67.08 mi) (354,200 feet).

1966 – Labor movements NFWA and AWOC merge to become the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC), predecessor of the United Farm Workers.

1971 – J. Edgar Hoover and John Mitchell announce the arrest of 20 of the Camden 28.

1989 – Nolan Ryan strikes out Rickey Henderson to become the first Major League Baseball pitcher to record 5,000 strikeouts.

1992 – FBI HRT sniper Lon Horiuchi shoots and kills Vicki Weaver during an 11-day siege at her home at Ruby Ridge, Idaho.

2003 – Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore is suspended after refusing to comply with a federal court order to remove a rock inscribed with the Ten Commandments from the lobby of the Alabama Supreme Court building.

2007 – The Texas Rangers defeat the Baltimore Orioles 30–3, the most runs scored by a team in modern Major League Baseball history. The combined run total is also Major League record.


1848 – Melville Elijah Stone, American publisher, founded the Chicago Daily News (d. 1929)

1915 – David Dellinger, American activist (d. 2004)

1915 – James Hillier, Canadian-American scientist, co-designed the electron microscope (d. 2007)

1917 – John Lee Hooker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2001)

1918 – Mary McGrory, American journalist and author (d. 2004)

1920 – Ray Bradbury, American author and screenwriter (d. 2012)

1934 – Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr., American general and engineer (d. 2012)

1935 – Annie Proulx, American journalist and author

1936 – John Callaway, American journalist and producer (d. 2009)

1949 – Diana Nyad, American swimmer and author

1956 – Paul Molitor, American baseball player and coach

1963 – Tori Amos, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer


1965 – Ellen Church, American flight attendant (b. 1904)

1967 – Gregory Goodwin Pincus, American biologist and academic, co-created the birth-control pill (b. 1903)

1979 – James T. Farrell, American novelist, short-story writer, and poet (b. 1904)

1980 – James Smith McDonnell, American pilot, engineer, and businessman, founded McDonnell Aircraft (b. 1899)

1985 – Charles Gibson (historian), Historian of Mexico and its Indians, President of the American Historical Association (b. 1920)

1987 – Joseph P. Lash, American author and journalist (b. 1909)

1989 – Huey P. Newton, American activist, co-founded the Black Panther Party (b. 1942)

2013 – Paul Poberezny, American pilot and businessman, founded the Experimental Aircraft Association (b. 1921)

2014 – John Sperling, American businessman, founded the University of Phoenix (b. 1921)

2014 – John S. Waugh, American chemist and academic (b. 1929)