1739 – Stono Rebellion, the largest slave uprising in Britain's mainland North American colonies prior to the American Revolution, erupts near Charleston, South Carolina.
1776 – The Continental Congress officially names its new union of sovereign states the United States.
1791 – Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, is named after President George Washington.
1839 – John Herschel takes the first glass plate photograph.
1850 – California is admitted as the thirty-first U.S. state.
1850 – The Compromise of 1850 transfers a third of Texas's claimed territory (now parts of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming) to federal control in return for the U.S. federal government assuming $10 million of Texas's pre-annexation debt.
1863 – American Civil War: The Union Army enters Chattanooga, Tennessee.
1916 – Piggly Wiggly, the first true self-service grocery store, is founded in Memphis, Tennessee.
1924 – Hanapepe massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
1926 – In the United States the National Broadcasting Company is formed.
1942 – World War II: A Japanese floatplane drops incendiary bombs on Oregon.
1943 – World War II: The Allies land at Salerno and Taranto, Italy.
1947 – First case of a computer bug being found: A moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.
1956 – Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show for the first time.
1965 – The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development is established.
1965 – Hurricane Betsy makes its second landfall near New Orleans, leaving 76 dead and $1.42 billion ($10–12 billion in 2005 dollars) in damages, becoming the first hurricane to cause over $1 billion in unadjusted damage.
1966 – The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act is signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
1971 – The four-day Attica Prison riot begins, eventually resulting in 39 dead, most killed by state troopers retaking the prison.
1972 – In Kentucky's Mammoth Cave National Park, a Cave Research Foundation exploration and mapping team discovers a link between the Mammoth and Flint Ridge cave systems, making it the longest known cave passageway in the world.
1711 – Thomas Hutchinson, American historian and politician, Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1780)
1887 – Alf Landon, American lieutenant, banker, and politician, 26th Governor of Kansas (d. 1987)
1890 – Colonel Sanders, American businessman, founded KFC (d. 1980)
1919 – Jimmy Snyder, American sportscaster (d. 1996)
1926 – Louise Abeita, Isleta Pueblo (Native American) writer, poet, and educator (d. 2014)
1941 – Otis Redding, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1967)
1941 – Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist, created the C programming language (d. 2011)
1966 – Adam Sandler, American actor, screenwriter, and producer
1915 – Albert Spalding, American baseball player, manager, and businessman, co-founded Spalding (b. 1850)
1943 – Charles McLean Andrews, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1863)
1949 – Tonita Peña, San Ildefonso Pueblo (Native American) artist (b. 1893)
1978 – Jack L. Warner, Canadian-American production manager and producer, co-founded Warner Bros. (b. 1892)
1997 – Burgess Meredith, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)
2003 – Edward Teller, Hungarian-American physicist and academic (b. 1908)
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