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This Day in History: September 9

Events

1739 – Stono Rebellion, the largest slave uprising in Britain's mainland North American colonies prior to the American Revolution, erupts near Charleston, South Carolina.

1776 – The Continental Congress officially names its new union of sovereign states the United States.

1791 – Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, is named after President George Washington.

1839 – John Herschel takes the first glass plate photograph.

1850 – California is admitted as the thirty-first U.S. state.

1850 – The Compromise of 1850 transfers a third of Texas's claimed territory (now parts of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming) to federal control in return for the U.S. federal government assuming $10 million of Texas's pre-annexation debt.

1863 – American Civil War: The Union Army enters Chattanooga, Tennessee.

1916 – Piggly Wiggly, the first true self-service grocery store, is founded in Memphis, Tennessee.

1924 – Hanapepe massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.

1926 – In the United States the National Broadcasting Company is formed.

1942 – World War II: A Japanese floatplane drops incendiary bombs on Oregon.

1943 – World War II: The Allies land at Salerno and Taranto, Italy.

1947 – First case of a computer bug being found: A moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.

1956 – Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show for the first time.

1965 – The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development is established.

1965 – Hurricane Betsy makes its second landfall near New Orleans, leaving 76 dead and $1.42 billion ($10–12 billion in 2005 dollars) in damages, becoming the first hurricane to cause over $1 billion in unadjusted damage.

1966 – The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act is signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.

1971 – The four-day Attica Prison riot begins, eventually resulting in 39 dead, most killed by state troopers retaking the prison.

1972 – In Kentucky's Mammoth Cave National Park, a Cave Research Foundation exploration and mapping team discovers a link between the Mammoth and Flint Ridge cave systems, making it the longest known cave passageway in the world.

Births

1711 – Thomas Hutchinson, American historian and politician, Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1780)

1887 – Alf Landon, American lieutenant, banker, and politician, 26th Governor of Kansas (d. 1987)

1890 – Colonel Sanders, American businessman, founded KFC (d. 1980)

1919 – Jimmy Snyder, American sportscaster (d. 1996)

1926 – Louise Abeita, Isleta Pueblo (Native American) writer, poet, and educator (d. 2014)

1941 – Otis Redding, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1967)

1941 – Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist, created the C programming language (d. 2011)

1966 – Adam Sandler, American actor, screenwriter, and producer

Deaths

1915 – Albert Spalding, American baseball player, manager, and businessman, co-founded Spalding (b. 1850)

1943 – Charles McLean Andrews, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1863)

1949 – Tonita Peña, San Ildefonso Pueblo (Native American) artist (b. 1893)

1978 – Jack L. Warner, Canadian-American production manager and producer, co-founded Warner Bros. (b. 1892)

1997 – Burgess Meredith, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)

2003 – Edward Teller, Hungarian-American physicist and academic (b. 1908)