1578 – Tegucigalpa, capital city of Honduras, is claimed by the Spaniards.
1789 – The United States Department of War first establishes a regular army with a strength of several hundred men.
1789 – The 1st United States Congress adjourns.
1907 – The cornerstone is laid at Washington National Cathedral in the U.S. capital.
1918 – World War I: Battle of St. Quentin Canal: The Hindenburg Line is broken by Allied forces. Bulgaria signs an armistice.
1938 – The Munich Agreement between Germany, the United Kingdom, France and Italy settles the Sudetenland dispute in Germany's favor. The Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia are not invited.
1951 – The first live sporting event seen coast-to-coast in the United States, a college football game between Duke and the University of Pittsburgh, is televised on NBC.
1960 – Nikita Khrushchev, leader of Soviet Union, disrupts a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly with a number of angry outbursts.
1966 – The Chevrolet Camaro, originally named Panther, is introduced.
1975 – WGPR in Detroit, Michigan, becomes the world's first black-owned-and-operated television station.
1982 – The Chicago Tylenol murders begin when the first of seven individuals dies in metropolitan Chicago.
1988 – Space Shuttle: NASA launches STS-26, the return to flight mission, after the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
1990 – Construction of the Washington National Cathedral is completed.
1995 – The United States Navy disbands Fighter Squadron 84 (VF-84), nicknamed the "Jolly Rogers".
2004 – The Burt Rutan Ansari X Prize entry SpaceShipOne performs a successful spaceflight, the first of two required to win the prize.
2008 – Following the bankruptcies of Lehman Brothers and Washington Mutual, The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls 777.68 points, the largest single-day point loss in its history.
1901 – Enrico Fermi, Italian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1954)
1907 – Gene Autry, American singer and actor (d. 1998)
1915 – Vincent DeDomenico, American businessman, founded the Napa Valley Wine Train (d. 2007)
1935 – Jerry Lee Lewis, American singer-songwriter and pianist
1944 – Mike Post, American composer and producer
1948 – Bryant Gumbel, American journalist and sportscaster
1955 – Ann Bancroft, American explorer and author
1975 – Casey Stengel, American baseball player and manager (b. 1890)
1987 – Henry Ford II, American businessman (b. 1917)
1988 – Charles Addams, American cartoonist, created The Addams Family (b. 1912)
1989 – Gussie Busch, American businessman (b. 1899)
1998 – Tom Bradley, American lieutenant and politician, 38th Mayor of Los Angeles (b. 1917)
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