1777 – American Revolution: British troops occupy Philadelphia.
1789 – Thomas Jefferson is appointed the first United States Secretary of State, John Jay is appointed the first Chief Justice of the United States, Samuel Osgood is appointed the first United States Postmaster General, and Edmund Randolph is appointed the first United States Attorney General.
1872 – The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) is established in New York City.
1914 – The United States Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is established by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
1933 – As gangster Machine Gun Kelly surrenders to the FBI, he shouts out, "Don’t shoot, G-Men!", which becomes a nickname for FBI agents.
1933 – Ten convicts escape from the Indiana State Prison with guns smuggled into the prison by bank robber John Dillinger
1942 – The Holocaust: August Frank, a higher official of the SS concentration camp administration department, issues a memorandum containing a great deal of operational detail in how Jews should be "evacuated".
1960 – In Chicago, the first televised debate takes place between presidential candidates Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy.
1969 – Abbey Road, the last recorded album by The Beatles, is released.
1973 – Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic in record-breaking time.
1981 – Baseball: Nolan Ryan sets a Major League record by throwing his fifth no-hitter.
1983 – Australia II wins the America's Cup ending the New York Yacht Club's 132-year domination of the race.
1774 – Johnny Appleseed, American gardener and environmentalist (d. 1845)
1848 – Henry Walters, American art collector and philanthropist (d. 1931)
1898 – George Gershwin, American pianist and composer (d. 1937)
1909 – Bill France, Sr., American race car driver, founded NASCAR (d. 1992)
1914 – Jack LaLanne, American fitness expert (d. 2011)
1979 – Jaycie Phelps, American gymnast
1981 – Serena Williams, American tennis player
1820 – Daniel Boone, American hunter and explorer (b. 1734)
1902 – Levi Strauss, German-American businessman, founded Levi Strauss & Co. (b. 1829)
1937 – Bessie Smith, American singer and actress (b. 1894)
2006 – Byron Nelson, American golfer and coach (b. 1912)
2008 – Paul Newman, American actor, director, producer, and businessman, co-founded Newman's Own (b. 1925)
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