1789 – The United States Department of the Treasury is founded.
1862 – American Civil War: United States President Abraham Lincoln reluctantly restores Union General George B. McClellan to full command after General John Pope's disastrous defeat at the Second Battle of Bull Run.
1864 – American Civil War: Union forces enter Atlanta, a day after the Confederate defenders flee the city, ending the Atlanta Campaign.
1885 – Rock Springs massacre: In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who are struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers killing 28, wounding 15 and forcing several hundred more out of town.
1901 – Vice President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt utters the famous phrase, "Speak softly and carry a big stick" at the Minnesota State Fair.
1912 – Arthur Rose Eldred is awarded the first Eagle Scout award of the Boy Scouts of America.
1935 – The 1935 Labor Day hurricane hits the Florida Keys, killing 423.
1939 – World War II: Following the start of the invasion of Poland the previous day, the Free City of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland) is annexed by Nazi Germany.
1945 – World War II: Combat ends in the Pacific Theater: The Japanese Instrument of Surrender is signed by Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and accepted aboard the battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
1958 – United States Air Force C-130A-II is shot down by fighters over Yerevan in Armenia when it strays into Soviet airspace while conducting a sigint mission. All crew members are killed.
1963 – CBS Evening News becomes U.S. network television's first half-hour weeknight news broadcast, when the show is lengthened from 15 to 30 minutes.
1970 – NASA announces the cancellation of two Apollo missions to the Moon, Apollo 15 (the designation is re-used by a later mission), and Apollo 19.
2013 – The Eastern span replacement of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge opened to traffic as the widest bridge in the world.
1810 – Lysander Button, American engineer (d. 1898)
1810 – William Seymour Tyler, American historian and educator (d. 1897)
1820 – Lucretia Hale, American journalist and author (d. 1900)
1838 – Liliuokalani of Hawaii (d. 1917)
1839 – Henry George, American economist and author (d. 1897)
1850 – Eugene Field American author and poet (d. 1895)
1850 – Albert Spalding, American baseball player, manager, and businessman, co-founded the Spalding Sporting Goods Company (d. 1915)
1901 – Adolph Rupp, American basketball player and coach (d. 1977)
1911 – William F. Harrah, American businessman, founded the Caesars Entertainment Corporation (d. 1978)
1918 – Allen Drury, American journalist and author (d. 1998)
1925 – Hugo Montenegro, American composer and conductor (d. 1981)
1927 – Milo Hamilton, American sportscaster (d. 2015)
1937 – Peter Ueberroth, American businessman
1948 – Terry Bradshaw, American football player, sportscaster, and actor
1948 – Christa McAuliffe, American educator and astronaut (d. 1986)
1960 – Eric Dickerson, American football player and sportscaster
1961-Ray Aponte, Principal, South High School, born in Comerio, Puerto Rico
1966 – Salma Hayek, Mexican-American actress, director, and producer
1937 – Pierre de Coubertin, French historian and educator, founded the International Olympic Committee (b. 1863)
1953 – Jonathan M. Wainwright, American general, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1883)
1964 – Alvin C. York, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1887)
1969 – Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese politician, 1st President of Vietnam (b. 1890)
1992 – Barbara McClintock, American geneticist and botanist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
2005 – Bob Denver, American actor and singer (b. 1935)
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