1676 – Jamestown is burned to the ground by the forces of Nathaniel Bacon during Bacon's Rebellion.
1692 – Giles Corey is pressed to death after refusing to plead in the Salem witch trials.
1777 – American Revolutionary War: British forces win a tactically expensive victory over the Continental Army in the First Battle of Saratoga.
1778 – The Continental Congress passes the first United States federal budget.
1796 – George Washington's Farewell Address is printed across America as an open letter to the public.
1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Iuka: Union troops under General William Rosecrans defeat a Confederate force commanded by General Sterling Price.
1863 – American Civil War: The first day of the Battle of Chickamauga, in northwestern Georgia, the bloodiest two-day battle of the conflict, and the only significant Confederate victory in the war's Western Theater.
1864 – American Civil War: Third Battle of Winchester: Union troops under General Philip Sheridan defeat a Confederate force commanded by General Jubal Early. With over 50,000 troops engaged it was the largest battle fought in the Shenandoah Valley and was not only militarily decisive in that region of Virginia but also played a role in securing Abraham Lincoln's
1881 – U.S. President James A. Garfield dies of wounds suffered in a July 2 shooting. Vice President Chester A. Arthur becomes President upon Garfield's death.
1893 – Women's suffrage: In New Zealand, the Electoral Act of 1893 is consented to by the governor giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote.
1934 – Bruno Hauptmann is arrested for the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr..
1952 – The United States bars Charlie Chaplin from re-entering the country after a trip to England.
1957 – First American underground nuclear bomb test (part of Operation Plumbbob).
1959 – Nikita Khrushchev is barred from visiting Disneyland due to security concerns.
1970 – The Mary Tyler Moore Show, an American sitcom, premiered on CBS
1981 – Simon & Garfunkel reunite for a free concert in New York's Central Park.
1982 – Scott Fahlman posts the first documented emoticons :-) and :-( on the Carnegie Mellon University bulletin board system.
1985 – A strong earthquake kills thousands and destroys about 400 buildings in Mexico City.
1985 – Tipper Gore and other political wives form the Parents Music Resource Center as Frank Zappa and other musicians testify at U.S. Congressional hearings on obscenity in rock music.
1995 – The Washington Post and The New York Times publish the Unabomber's manifesto.
2010 – The leaking oil well in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill is sealed.
2011 – Mariano Rivera of the New York Yankees surpasses Trevor Hoffman to become Major League Baseball's all time saves leader with 602.
1905 – Leon Jaworski, American lawyer, co-founded Fulbright & Jaworski (d. 1982)
1907 – Lewis F. Powell, Jr., American lawyer and jurist (d. 1998)
1928 – Adam West, American actor
1932 – Mike Royko, American journalist and author (d. 1997)
1949 – Barry Scheck, American lawyer, co-founded the Innocence Project
1966 – Soledad O'Brien, American journalist and producer
1881 – James A. Garfield, American general, lawyer, and politician, and the 20th President of the United States (b. 1831)
1942 – Condé Montrose Nast, American publisher, founded Condé Nast Publications (b. 1873)
1995 – Orville Redenbacher, American businessman, founded the Orville Redenbacher's Company (b. 1907)
2004 – Eddie Adams, American photographer and journalist (b. 1933)
2009 – Arthur Ferrante, American pianist (b. 1921)
2009 – Milton Meltzer, American historian and author (b. 1915)
2015 – Jackie Collins, English-American author and actress (b. 1937)
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