1502 – Christopher Columbus lands at Honduras on his fourth, and final, voyage.
1679 – New Hampshire becomes a county of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1759 – Seven Years' War: The British capture Quebec City.
1837 – Tiffany and Co. (first named Tiffany & Young) is founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany and Teddy Young in New York City. The store is called a "stationery and fancy goods emporium".
1850 – The U.S. Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
1851 – First publication of The New-York Daily Times, which later becomes The New York Times.
1870 – Old Faithful Geyser is observed and named by Henry D. Washburn during the Washburn–Langford–Doane Expedition to Yellowstone.
1873 – Panic of 1873: The U.S. bank Jay Cooke & Company declares bankruptcy, triggering a series of bank failures.
1882 – The Pacific Stock Exchange opens.
1889 – Hull House, the United States' most influential settlement house, opens in Chicago.
1895 – Booker T. Washington delivers the "Atlanta compromise" address.
1919 – Fritz Pollard becomes the first African American to play professional football for a major team, the Akron Pros.
1927 – The Columbia Broadcasting System goes on the air.
1939 – World War II: Polish government of Ignacy Mościcki flees to Romania.
1943 – World War II: The Jews of Minsk are massacred at Sobibór.
1943 – World War II: Adolf Hitler orders the deportation of Danish Jews.
1945 – General Douglas MacArthur moves his command headquarters to Tokyo.
1947 – The United States Air Force becomes an independent branch of the United States Armed Forces.
1947 – The National Security Council and the Central Intelligence Agency are established in the United States under the National Security Act.
1948 – Margaret Chase Smith of Maine becomes the first woman elected to the United States Senate without completing another senator's term, when she defeats Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten.
1959 – Vanguard 3 is launched into Earth orbit.
1960 – Fidel Castro arrives in New York City as the head of the Cuban delegation to the United Nations.
1975 – Patty Hearst is arrested after a year on the FBI Most Wanted List.
1977 – Voyager I takes first photograph of the Earth and the Moon together.
1984 – Joe Kittinger completes the first solo balloon crossing of the Atlantic.
1997 – United States media magnate Ted Turner donates US$1 billion to the United Nations.
2001 – First mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks.
2009 – The 72-year run of the soap opera The Guiding Light ends as its final episode is broadcast.
1733 – George Read, American lawyer and politician, 3rd Governor of Delaware (d. 1798)
1779 – Joseph Story, American lawyer, jurist, and politician (d. 1845)
1893 – William March, American soldier and author (d. 1954)
1904 – Jose de Rivera, American soldier and sculptor (d. 1985)
1905 – Eddie "Rochester" Anderson, American actor and singer (d. 1977)
1905 – Greta Garbo, Swedish-American actress and singer (d. 1990)
1924 – J. D. Tippit, American police officer (d. 1963)
1926 – Bud Greenspan, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
1926 – Joe Kubert, American author and illustrator, founded The Kubert School (d. 2012)
1940 – Frankie Avalon, American singer and actor
1945 – John McAfee, Scottish-American computer programmer, founded McAfee
1971 – Lance Armstrong, American cyclist and activist, founded the Lance Armstrong Foundation
1971 – Jada Pinkett Smith, American actress and singer (Wicked Wisdom)
1970 – Jimi Hendrix, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The Jimi Hendrix Experience and Jimmy James and the Blue Flames) (b. 1942)
1975 – Fairfield Porter, American painter and critic (b. 1907)
1980 – Katherine Anne Porter, American short story writer, novelist, and essayist (b. 1890)
2015 – James R. Houck, American astrophysicist and academic (b. 1940)
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