1570 – Spanish Jesuit missionaries land in present-day Virginia to establish the short-lived Ajacán Mission.
1608 – John Smith is elected council president of Jamestown, Virginia.
1776 – American Revolutionary War: Nathan Hale volunteers to spy for the Continental Army.
1813 – The United States defeats the British Fleet at the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812.
1846 – Elias Howe is granted a patent for the sewing machine.
1897 – Lattimer massacre: A sheriff's posse kills 20 unarmed immigrant miners in Pennsylvania, United States.
1919 – Austria and the Allies sign the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye recognizing the independence of Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.
1932 – The New York City Subway's third competing subway system, the municipally-owned IND, is opened.
1939 – World War II: Canada declares war on Nazi Germany, joining the Allies: Poland, France, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia.
1943 – World War II: German forces begin their occupation of Rome.
1955 – The television series Gunsmoke premieres on CBS. It was the second western television series written for adults. The first was the Lone Ranger.
1972 – The United States suffers its first loss of an international basketball game in a disputed match against the Soviet Union at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany.
1836 – Joseph Wheeler, American general and politician (d. 1906)
1852 – Alice Brown Davis, American tribal chief (d. 1935)
1880 – Georgia Douglas Johnson, American poet and playwright (d. 1966)
1885 – Carl Clinton Van Doren, American author and critic (d. 1950)
1929 – Arnold Palmer, American golfer and businessman
1934 – Charles Kuralt, American journalist (d. 1997)
1934 – Jim Oberstar, American educator and politician (d. 2014)
1941 – Stephen Jay Gould, American paleontologist, biologist, and author (d. 2002)
1949 – Bill O'Reilly, American journalist and author
1953 – Amy Irving, American actress
1842 – Letitia Christian Tyler, American wife of John Tyler, 11th First Lady of the United States (b. 1790)
1851 – Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, American minister and educator (b. 1787)
1891 – David Humphreys Storer, American physician and naturalist (b. 1804)
1935 – Huey Long, American lawyer and politician, 40th Governor of Louisiana (b. 1893)
2006 – Patty Berg, American golfer (b. 1918)
2007 – Jane Wyman, American actress (b. 1917)
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