1635 – Founder of Rhode Island Roger Williams is banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony as a religious dissident after he speaks out against punishments for religious offenses and giving away Native American land.
1701 – The Collegiate School of Connecticut (later renamed Yale University) is chartered in Old Sa6ybrook, Connecticut.
1812 – War of 1812: In a naval engagement on Lake Erie, American forces capture two British ships:HMS Detroit and HMS Caledonia.
1861 – American Civil War: Battle of Santa Rosa Island: Union troops repel a Confederate attempt to capture Fort Pickens.
1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Tom's Brook: Union cavalrymen in the Shenandoah Valley defeatConfederate forces at Toms Brook, Virginia.
1873 – A meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute.
1888 – The Washington Monument officially opens to the general public.
1907 – Las Cruces, New Mexico is incorporated.
1919 – Black Sox Scandal: The Cincinnati Reds win the World Series.
1966 – Vietnam War: Binh Tai Massacre
1969 – In Chicago, the United States National Guard is called in for crowd control as demonstrations continue in connection with the trial of the "Chicago Eight" that began on September 24.
1992 – A 13 kilogram (est.) fragment of the Peekskill meteorite lands in the driveway of the Knapp residence in Peekskill, New York, destroying the family's 1980 Chevrolet Malibu.
2001 – Second mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks.
2003 – Mission: Space opens to the public in the Epcot park at Walt Disney World. The opening ceremony included several astronauts from all eras of space exploration.
1837 – Francis Wayland Parker, American theorist and academic (d. 1902)
1873 – Charles Rudolph Walgreen, American pharmacist and businessman, founded Walgreens (d. 1939)
1899 – Bruce Catton, American historian and author (d. 1978)
1900 – Joseph Friedman, American inventor, invented the bendy straw (d. 1982)
1901 – Alice Lee Jemison, Seneca political activist and journalist (d. 1964)
1911 – Joe Rosenthal, American photographer (d. 2006)
1940 – John Lennon, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 1980)
1941 – Brian Lamb, American broadcaster, founded C-SPAN
1806 – Benjamin Banneker, American astronomer and surveyor (b. 1731)
1987 – Clare Boothe Luce, American author, playwright, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Italy (b. 1903)
1987 – William P. Murphy, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
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