1539 – Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto and his army enter the Apalachee capital of Anhaica (present-day Tallahassee, Florida) by force.
1683 – German immigrant families found Germantown in the colony of Pennsylvania, marking the first major immigration of German people to America.
1723 – Benjamin Franklin arrives in Philadelphia at the age of 17.
1777 – American Revolutionary War: General Sir Henry Clinton leads British forces in the capture of Continental Army Hudson River defenses in the Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery.
1876 – The American Library Association was founded.
1884 – The Naval War College of the United States Navy is founded in Newport, Rhode Island.
1889 – American inventor Thomas Edison shows his first motion picture.
1898 – Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, the largest American music fraternity, is founded at the New England Conservatory of Music by Ossian Everett Mills.
1927 – Opening of The Jazz Singer, the first prominent talking movie.
1939 – World War II: Germany's invasion of Poland ends with the surrender of Independent Operational Group Polesie after the Battle of Kock
1942 – World War II: The October Matanikau action on Guadalcanal begins as United States Marine Corps forces attack Imperial Japanese Army units along the Matanikau River.
1945 – Baseball: Billy Sianis and his pet billy goat are ejected from Wrigley Field during Game 4 of the 1945 World Series.
1979 – Pope John Paul II becomes the first pontiff to visit the White House.
1981 – Egyptian President Anwar Sadat is murdered by Islamic extremists.
1846 – George Westinghouse, American engineer and businessman, founded the Westinghouse Air Brake Company (d. 1914)
1862 – Albert J. Beveridge, American historian and politician (d. 1927)
1905 – Helen Wills, American tennis player and painter (d. 1998)
1906 – Janet Gaynor, American actress (d. 1984)
1908 – Carole Lombard, American actress (d. 1942)
1935 – Bruno Sammartino, Italian-American wrestler and trainer
1955 – Tony Dungy, American football player and coach
1973 – Rebecca Lobo, American basketball player and sportscaster
1981 – Anwar Sadat, Egyptian colonel and politician, 3rd President of Egypt, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
1985 – Nelson Riddle, American composer, conductor, and bandleader (b. 1921)
1989 – Bette Davis, American actress and singer (b. 1908)
1997 – Johnny Vander Meer, American baseball player and manager (b. 1914)
2006 – Buck O'Neil, American baseball player and manager (b. 1911)
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