1550 – Foundation of Concepción, city in Chile.
1813 – Battle of the Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British and kill Shawnee leader Tecumseh.
1857 – The City of Anaheim, California is founded.
1877 – Chief Joseph surrenders his Nez Perce band to General Nelson A. Miles.
1905 – Wilbur Wright pilots Wright Flyer III in a flight of 24 miles in 39 minutes, a world record that stood until 1908.
1914 – World War I: first aerial combat resulting in an intentional fatality.
1915 – Bulgaria enters World War I as one of the Central Powers.
1921 – Baseball: The World Series is broadcast on the radio for the first time.
1938 – In Nazi Germany, Jews' passports are invalidated, and those who needed a passport for emigration purposes are given one marked with the letter J (Jude – Jew).
1943 – Ninety-eight American POW's are executed by Japanese forces on Wake Island.
1947 – The first televised White House address is given by U.S. President Harry S. Truman.
1955 – Disneyland Hotel opens to the public in Anaheim, California.
1962 – Dr. No, the first in the James Bond film series, is released.
1966 – Near Detroit, Michigan, there is a partial core meltdown at the Enrico Fermi demonstration nuclear breeder reactor.
1970 – The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is founded.
1982 – Chicago Tylenol murders: Johnson & Johnson initiates a nationwide product recall in the United States for all products in its Tylenol brand after several bottles in Chicago are found to have been laced with cyanide, resulting in seven deaths.
1984 – Marc Garneau becomes the first Canadian in space, aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger.
2001 – Barry Bonds surpasses Mark McGwire's single-season home run total with his milestone 71st and 72nd home runs.
1824 – Henry Chadwick, English-American historian and author (d. 1908)
1829 – Chester A. Arthur, American general, lawyer, and politician, 21st President of the United States (d. 1886)
1858 – Helen Churchill Candee, American journalist and author (d. 1949)
1882 – Robert H. Goddard, American physicist, engineer, and academic (d. 1945)
1902 – Larry Fine, American comedian (d. 1975)
1902 – Ray Kroc, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1984)
1922 – Bil Keane, American soldier and cartoonist (d. 2011)
1949 – Bill James, American historian and author
1958 – Neil deGrasse Tyson, American astrophysicist, cosmologist, and author
1959 – Maya Lin, American architect and sculptor, designed the Vietnam Veterans Memorial and Civil Rights Memorial
1813 – Tecumseh, American tribal leader (b. 1768)
1927 – Sam Warner, Polish-American director, producer, and screenwriter, co-founded Warner Bros. (b. 1887)
1941 – Louis Brandeis, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1856)
1996 – Seymour Cray, American engineer and businessman, founded CRAY Inc (b. 1925)
2004 – Rodney Dangerfield, American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
2011 – Steve Jobs, American businessman, co-founder of Apple Inc. and Pixar (b. 1955)
2011 – Fred Shuttlesworth, American activist, co-founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (b. 1922)
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