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This Day in History: October 2

Events

1780 – John André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War, is hanged as a spy by American forces.

1789 – George Washington sends proposed Constitutional amendments (The United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification.

1835 – The Texas Revolution begins with the Battle of Gonzales: Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, Texas, but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia.

1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Saltville: Union forces attack Saltville, Virginia, but are defeated by Confederate troops.

1889 – In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the American Old West.

1919 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson suffers a massive stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed.

1950 – Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz is first published.

1959 – The anthology series The Twilight Zone premieres on CBS television.

1967 – Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first African-American justice of United States Supreme Court.

1970 – A plane carrying the Wichita State University football team, administrators, and supporters crashes in Colorado killing 31 people.

1996 – The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments are signed by U.S. President Bill Clinton.

2001 – NATO backs U.S. military strikes following 9/11.

2002 – The Beltway sniper attacks begin, extending over three weeks.

Births

1800 – Nat Turner, American slave (d. 1831)

1821 – Alexander P. Stewart, American general (d. 1908)

1879 – Wallace Stevens, American poet and educator (d. 1955)

1890 – Groucho Marx, American comedian and actor (d. 1977)

1897 – Bud Abbott, American actor (d. 1974)

1929 – Moses Gunn, American actor (d. 1993)

1937 – Johnnie Cochran, American lawyer (d. 2005)

1949 – Annie Leibovitz, American photographer

1970 – Kelly Ripa, American actress, producer, and talk show host

Deaths

1803 – Samuel Adams, American philosopher and politician (b. 1722)

1953 – John Marin, American painter (b. 1870)

1998 – Gene Autry, American singer, guitarist, and actor (b. 1907)

2005 – Nipsey Russell, American comedian and actor (b. 1918)

2005 – August Wilson, American author and playwright (b. 1945)