1781 – At Yorktown, Virginia, representatives of British commander Lord Cornwallis handed over Cornwallis' sword and formally surrendered to George Washington and the comte de Rochambeau.
1789 – Chief Justice John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.
1864 – Battle of Cedar Creek: Union Army under Philip Sheridan destroys a Confederate Army under Jubal Early.
1864 – St. Albans Raid: Confederate raiders launch an attack on Saint Albans, Vermont from Canada.
1943 – Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
1944 – United States forces land in the Philippines.
1950 – The People's Republic of China joins the Korean War by sending thousands of troops across the Yalu River to fight United Nations forces.
1960 – Cold War: The United States government imposes a near-total trade embargo against Cuba, which was lifted in 2015.
1973 – President Richard Nixon rejects an Appeals Court decision that he turn over the Watergate tapes.
1987 – Black Monday: The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 22%, 508 points.
2005 – Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
2014 – Oort cloud Comet Siding Spring makes a close fly-by the planet Mars passing within 140,000 kilometers.
1720 – John Woolman, American-English preacher, journalist, and activist (d. 1772)
1876 – Mordecai Brown, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1945)
1885 – Charles E. Merrill, American banker and philanthropist, co-founded Merrill Lynch Wealth Management (d. 1956)
1898 – Hal B. Wallis, American film producer (d. 1986)
1917 – Walter Munk, Austrian-American oceanographer, author, and academic
1922 – Jack Anderson, American journalist and author (d. 2005)
1928 – Lou Scheimer, American animator, producer, and voice actor, co-founded the Filmation Company (d. 2013)
1956 – Grover Norquist, American activist, founded Americans for Tax Reform
1962 – Evander Holyfield, American boxer and actor
1790 – Lyman Hall, American physician and politician, 16th Governor of Georgia (b. 1724)
1893 – Lucy Stone, American activist (b. 1818)
1897 – George Pullman, American engineer and businessman, founded the Pullman Company (b. 1831)
1950 – Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet and playwright (b. 1892)
1965 – Edward Willis Redfield, American painter and educator (b. 1869)
2003 – Road Warrior Hawk, American wrestler (b. 1960)
2010 – Tom Bosley, American actor and singer (b. 1927)
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