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This Day in History: October 13


1775 – The United States' Continental Congress orders the establishment of the Continental Navy (later renamed the United States Navy).

1792 – In Washington, D.C., the cornerstone of the United States Executive Mansion (known as the White House since 1818) is laid.

1812 – War of 1812: Battle of Queenston Heights: As part of the Niagara campaign in Ontario, Canada, United States forces under General Stephen Van Rensselaer are repulsed from invading Canada by British and native troops led by Sir Isaac Brock.

1843 – In New York City, Henry Jones and 11 others found B'nai B'rith (the oldest Jewish service organization in the world).

1845 – A majority of voters in the Republic of Texas approve a proposed constitution that, if accepted by theU.S. Congress, will make Texas a U.S. state.

1885 – The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, United States.

1914 – In Major League Baseball's World Series, the Boston Braves defeat the Philadelphia Athletics, 4 games to 0, at Fenway Park in Boston, completing the first World Series sweep in history.

1943 – World War II: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies and declares war on Germany.

1944 – World War II: Riga, the capital of Latvia is occupied by the Red Army.

1962 – The Pacific Northwest experiences a cyclone the equal of a Cat 3 hurricane. Winds measured above 150 mph at several locations; 46 people died.

1967 – The first game in the history of the American Basketball Association is played as the Anaheim Amigos lose to the Oakland Oaks 134–129 in Oakland, California.

1976 – The first electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle is obtained by Dr. F. A. Murphy, now at U.C. Davis, who was then working at the C.D.C.

1983 – Ameritech Mobile Communications (now AT&T) launched the first US cellular network in Chicago.


1872 – Leon Leonwood Bean, American hunter, businessman, and author, founded L.L.Bean (d. 1967)

1912 – Cornel Wilde, Slovak-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1989)

1917 – Burr Tillstrom, American actor and puppeteer (d. 1985)

1925 – Lenny Bruce, American comedian and actor (d. 1966)

1929 – Walasse Ting, Chinese-American painter and poet (d. 2010)

1930 – Bruce Geller, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1978)

1959 – Marie Osmond, American singer, actress, and producer


1930 – T. Alexander Harrison, American painter and educator (b. 1853)

1938 – E. C. Segar, American cartoonist, created Popeye (b. 1894)

1945 – Milton S. Hershey, American businessman, founded The Hershey Company (b. 1857)

1966 – Clifton Webb, American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1889)

1968 – Bea Benaderet, American actress and singer (b. 1906)

1974 – Otto Binder, American author (b. 1911)

1974 – Ed Sullivan, American journalist and talk show host (b. 1901)

2002 – Stephen Ambrose, American historian and author (b. 1936)