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This Day in History: October 10


1780 – The Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000–30,000 in the Caribbean.

1845 – In Annapolis, Maryland, the Naval School (later renamed the United States Naval Academy) opens with 50 midshipman students and seven professors.

1871 – The Great Chicago Fire: Chicago burns after a barn accident. The fire lasts from October 8 to October 10.

1903 – The Women's Social and Political Union was founded by Emmeline Pankhurst

1913 – United States President Woodrow Wilson triggers the explosion of the Gamboa Dike thus ending construction on the Panama Canal.

1933 – United Airlines Boeing 247 mid-air explosion: A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed by sabotage, the first such proven case in the history of commercial aviation.

1938 – The Munich Agreement cedes the Sudetenland to Nazi Germany.

1953 – Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of Korea is concluded in Washington, D.C.

1957 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbedemah, after he is refused service in a Dover, Delaware restaurant.

1964 – The opening ceremony of the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan, is broadcast live in the first Olympic telecast relayed by geostationary communication satellite.

1967 – The Outer Space Treaty, signed on January 27 by more than sixty nations, comes into force.

1971 – Sold, dismantled and moved to the United States, London Bridge reopens in Lake Havasu City, Arizona.

1973 – Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew resigns after being charged with evasion of federal income tax.

1985 – United States Navy F-14 fighter jets intercept an Egyptian plane carrying the hijackers of the Achille Lauro cruise ship, and force it to land at a NATO base in Sigonella, Sicily where they are arrested.


1837 – Robert Gould Shaw, American colonel (d. 1863)

1900 – Helen Hayes, American actress (d. 1993)

1917 – Thelonious Monk, American pianist and composer (d. 1982)

1924 – James Clavell, Australian-American director, producer, screenwriter, and author (d. 1994)

1946 – Ben Vereen, American actor, singer, and dancer

1969 – Brett Favre, American football player

1973 – Mario Lopez, American actor and producer


1800 – Gabriel Prosser, American rebel leader (b. 1776)

1857 – George Washington Parke Custis, American author and playwright (b. 1781)

1872 – William H. Seward, American lawyer and politician, 24th United States Secretary of State (b. 1801)

1911 – Jack Daniel, American businessman, founded Jack Daniel's (b. 1849)

1913 – Adolphus Busch, German-American brewer and businessman, co-founded Anheuser-Busch (b. 1839)

1982 – Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (b. 1908)

1985 – Yul Brynner, Russian-American actor, singer, and director (b. 1920)

1985 – Orson Welles, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1915)

2004 – Ken Caminiti, American baseball player (b. 1963)

2004 – Christopher Reeve, American actor, producer, and activist (b. 1952)

2004 – Arthur H. Robinson, American geographer and cartographer (b. 1915)

2013 – Scott Carpenter, American commander, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1925)