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This Day in History: November 6

Events

1528 – Shipwrecked Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca becomes the first known European to set foot in the area that would become Texas.

1856 – Scenes of Clerical Life, the first work of fiction by the author later known as George Eliot, is submitted for publication.

1861 – American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is elected president of the Confederate States of America.

1865 – American Civil War: CSS Shenandoah is the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe on a cruise on which it sank or captured 37 unarmed merchant vessels.

1869 – In New Brunswick, New Jersey, Rutgers College defeats Princeton University (then known as the College of New Jersey), 6–4, in the first official intercollegiate American football game.

1934 – Memphis, Tennessee becomes the first major city to join the Tennessee Valley Authority.

1935 – Edwin Armstrong presents his paper "A Method of Reducing Disturbances in Radio Signaling by a System of Frequency Modulation" to the New York section of the Institute of Radio Engineers.

1935 – Parker Brothers acquires the forerunner patents for Monopoly from Elizabeth Magie.

1941 – World War II: Soviet leader Joseph Stalin addresses the Soviet Union for only the second time during his 19-year rule (the first had been on July 2). He falsely states that even though 350,000 troops were killed in German attacks so far, the Germans had lost 4.5 million soldiers and that Soviet victory was near. He states that the United States has granted the Soviet Union a $ 1 billion loan in addition to supplying tanks and aircraft, and that the Soviet Union does not aim to impose its communist regime in European countries, but only to liberate them.

1942 – World War II: Carlson's patrol during the Guadalcanal Campaign begins.

1943 – World War II: The Soviet Red Army recaptures Kiev. Before withdrawing, the Germans destroy most of the city's ancient buildings.

1944 – Plutonium is first produced at the Hanford Atomic Facility and subsequently used in the Fat Man atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan.

1947 – Meet the Press makes its television debut (the show went to a weekly schedule on September 12, 1948).

1965 – Cuba and the United States formally agree to begin an airlift for Cubans who want to go to the United States. By 1971, 250,000 Cubans had made use of this program.

1971 – The United States Atomic Energy Commission tests the largest U.S. underground hydrogen bomb, code-named Cannikin, on Amchitka Island in the Aleutians.

1977 – The Kelly Barnes Dam, located above Toccoa Falls Bible College near Toccoa, Georgia, fails, killing 39.

1995 – Cleveland Browns relocation controversy: Art Modell announces that he signed a deal that would relocate the Cleveland Browns to Baltimore to become the Baltimore Ravens, the first time the city had a football team since 1983 when they were the Baltimore Colts.

2012 – Tammy Baldwin becomes the first openly gay politician to be elected to the United States Senate.

Births

1851 – Charles Dow, American journalist and economist (d. 1902)

1854 – John Philip Sousa, American commander, composer, and conductor (d. 1932)

1861 – James Naismith, Canadian-American physician and educator, invented basketball (d. 1939)

1887 – Walter Johnson, American baseball player and manager (d. 1946)

1892 – Harold Ross, American journalist and publisher, co-founded The New Yorker (d. 1951)

1893 – Edsel Ford, American lieutenant and businessman (d. 1943)

1894 – Opal Kunz, American pilot and activist (d. 1967)

1916 – Ray Conniff, American composer and conductor (d. 2002)

1926 – Zig Ziglar, American soldier, businessman, and author (d. 2012)

1946 – Sally Field, American actress, singer, and producer

1948 – Sidney Blumenthal, American journalist and activist

1955 – Maria Shriver, American journalist and author

1970 – Ethan Hawke, American actor, director, and screenwriter

1976 – Pat Tillmanm American football player and soldier (d. 2004)

Deaths

1893 – Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer and critic (b. 1840)

1949 – Lester Allen, American screen, stage, vaudeville, circus actor, and film director (b. 1891)

2000 – L. Sprague de Camp, American historian and author (b. 1907)

2013 – Dan Lurie, American bodybuilder (b. 1923)

2013 – Burl Noggle, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1924)

2013 – Ace Parker, American football and baseball player (b. 1912)