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This Day in History: November 5

Events

1780 – French-American forces under Colonel LaBalme are defeated by Miami Chief Little Turtle.

1831 – Nat Turner, American slave leader, is tried, convicted, and sentenced to death in Virginia.

1862 – American Civil War: Abraham Lincoln removes George B. McClellan as commander of the Army of the Potomac.

1862 – American Indian Wars: In Minnesota, 303 Dakota warriors are found guilty of rape and murder of whites and are sentenced to hang. 38 are ultimately executed and the others reprieved.

1872 – Women's suffrage in the United States: In defiance of the law, suffragist Susan B. Anthony votes for the first time, and is later fined $100.

1895 – George B. Selden is granted the first U.S. patent for an automobile.

1912 – Woodrow Wilson is elected to the presidency of the United States.

1914 – World War I: France and the British Empire declare war on the Ottoman Empire.

1916 – The Everett massacre takes place in Everett, Washington as political differences lead to a shoot-out between the Industrial Workers of the World organizers and local police.

1943 – World War II: Bombing of the Vatican.

1970 – The Military Assistance Command, Vietnam reports the lowest weekly American soldier death toll in five years (24).

1986 – USS Rentz, USS Reeves and USS Oldendorf visit Qingdao (Tsing Tao) China – the first US Naval visit to China since 1949.

2003 – Green River Killer Gary Ridgway pleaded guilty to 48 counts of murder.

2006 – Saddam Hussein, former president of Iraq, and his co-defendants Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, are sentenced to death in the al-Dujail trial for their roles in the massacre of 148 Shi'a Muslims in 1982.

2007 – Android mobile operating system is unveiled by Google.

2009 – U.S. Army Major Nidal Malik Hasan murders 13 and wounds 32 at Fort Hood, Texas in the deadliest mass shooting at a U.S. military installation.

Births

1818 – Benjamin Butler, American general, lawyer, and politician, 33rd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1893)

1850 – Ella Wheeler Wilcox, American author and poet (d. 1919)

1855 – Eugene V. Debs, American union leader and politician (d. 1926)

1857 – Ida Tarbell, American journalist, author, and educator (d. 1944)

1885 – Will Durant, American historian and philosopher (d. 1981)

1895 – Charles MacArthur, American playwright and screenwriter (d. 1956)

1906 – Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer and academic (d. 2004)

1919 – Myron Floren, American accordion player and pianist (d. 2005)

1928 – Donald Madden, American actor (d. 1983)

1934 – Jeb Stuart Magruder, American minister and civil servant (d. 2014)

1948 – William Daniel Phillips, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate

Deaths

1872 – Thomas Sully, English-American painter (b. 1783)

1938 – Thomas Dewing, American painter and educator (b. 1851)

1942 – George M. Cohan, American actor, singer, playwright, and composer (b. 1878)

1960 – Johnny Horton, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1925)

1960 – Mack Sennett, Canadian-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1880)

1964 – Buddy Cole, American pianist and conductor (b. 1916)

1979 – Al Capp, American cartoonist (b. 1909)