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This Day in History: November 30

Events

1707 – The second Siege of Pensacola comes to end with the failure of the British to capture Pensacola, Florida.

1782 – American Revolutionary War: Treaty of Paris: In Paris, representatives from the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign preliminary peace articles (later formalized as the 1783 Treaty of Paris).

1803 – In New Orleans, Spanish representatives officially transfer the Louisiana Territory to a French representative. Just 20 days later, France transfers the same land to the United States as the Louisiana Purchase.

1804 – The Democratic-Republican-controlled United States Senate begins an impeachment trial of Federalist Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase.

1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Franklin: The Confederate Army of Tennessee led by General John Bell Hood mounts a dramatically unsuccessful frontal assault on Union positions commanded by John McAllister Schofield around Franklin, Tennessee, with Hood losing six generals and almost a third of his troops.

1902 – American Old West: Kid Curry Logan, second-in-command of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang, is sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labor.

1939 – Winter War: Soviet forces cross the Finnish border in several places and bomb Helsinki and several other Finnish cities, starting the war.

1940 – Lucille Ball marries Desi Arnaz in Greenwich, Connecticut.

1942 – World War II: Battle of Tassafaronga; A smaller squadron of Japanese destroyers led by Raiz┼Ź Tanaka defeats a U.S. cruiser force under Carleton H. Wright.

1947 – 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine begins, leading up to the creation of the state of Israel.

1954 – In Sylacauga, Alabama, United States, the Hodges meteorite crashes through a roof and hits a woman taking an afternoon nap. This is the only documented case in the Western Hemisphere of a human being hit by a rock from space.

1972 – Vietnam War: White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler tells the press that there will be no more public announcements concerning American troop withdrawals from Vietnam because troop levels are now down to 27,000.

1981 – Cold War: In Geneva, representatives from the United States and the Soviet Union begin to negotiate intermediate-range nuclear weapon reductions in Europe. (The meetings end inconclusively on December 17.)

1982 – Michael Jackson's second solo album, Thriller is released worldwide. It will become the best-selling record album in history.

1993 – American National Football League awards 30th franchise to the Jacksonville Jaguars.

1993 – U.S. President Bill Clinton signs the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (the Brady Bill) into law.

1995 – Official end of Operation Desert Storm.

1995 – U.S. President Bill Clinton visits Northern Ireland and speaks in favour of the "Northern Ireland peace process" to a huge rally at Belfast City Hall. He calls terrorists "yesterday's men".

1998 – Exxon and Mobil sign a US$73.7 billion agreement to merge, thus creating ExxonMobil, the world's largest company.

1999 – In Seattle, United States, demonstrations against a World Trade Organization meeting by anti-globalization protesters catch police unprepared and force the cancellation of opening ceremonies.

2001 – In Renton, Washington, United States, Gary Ridgway (aka The Green River Killer) is arrested.

2004 – Longtime Jeopardy! champion Ken Jennings of Salt Lake City, finally loses, leaving him with US$2,520,700, television's biggest game show winnings.

Births

1723 – William Livingston, American lawyer and politician, 1st Governor of New Jersey (d. 1790)

1810 – Oliver Winchester, American businessman and politician, founded the Winchester Repeating Arms Company (d. 1880)

1835 – Mark Twain, American novelist, humorist, and critic(d. 1910)

1874 – Winston Churchill, English colonel, journalist, and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965)

1912 – Gordon Parks, American photographer and director (d. 2006)

1924 – Shirley Chisholm, American educator and politician (d. 2005)

1929 – Dick Clark, American television host and producer, founded Dick Clark Productions (d. 2012)

1930 – G. Gordon Liddy, American lawyer and radio host

1936 – Abbie Hoffman, American activist and author, co-founded the Youth International Party (d. 1989)

1958 – IZ the Wiz, American painter (d. 2009)

1978 – Clay Aiken, American singer and actor

Deaths

1942 – Anthony M. Rud, American journalist and author (b. 1893)

1979 – Zeppo Marx, American actor and singer (b. 1901)

1992 – Peter Blume, American painter and sculptor (b. 1906)

1996 – Tiny Tim, American singer and ukulele player (b. 1932)

2007 – Evel Knievel, American motorcycle rider and stuntman (b. 1938)