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This Day in History: November 29

Events

1729 – Natchez Indians massacre 138 Frenchmen, 35 French women, and 56 children at Fort Rosalie, near the site of modern-day Natchez, Mississippi.

1776 – American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia, comes to an end with the arrival of British reinforcements.

1777 – San Jose, California, is founded as Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe by José Joaquín Moraga. It is the first civilian settlement, or pueblo, in Alta California.

1783 – A 5.3 magnitude earthquake strikes New Jersey.

1864 – American Indian Wars: Sand Creek massacre – Colorado volunteers led by Colonel John Chivington massacre at least 150 Cheyenne and Arapaho noncombatants inside Colorado Territory.

1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Spring Hill – A Confederate advance into Tennessee misses an opportunity to crush the Union Army. General John Bell Hood is angered, which leads to the Battle of Franklin.

1872 – American Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River.

1877 – Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph for the first time.

1902 – The Pittsburgh Stars defeated the Philadelphia Athletics, 11–0, at the Pittsburgh Coliseum, to win the first championship associated with an American national professional football league.

1929 – U.S. Admiral Richard E. Byrd leads the first expedition to fly over the South Pole.

1950 – Korean War: North Korean and Chinese troops force United Nations forces to retreat from North Korea.

1952 – Korean War: U.S. President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower fulfills a campaign promise by traveling to Korea to find out what can be done to end the conflict.

1961 – Project Mercury: Mercury-Atlas 5 Mission – Enos, a chimpanzee, is launched into space. The spacecraft orbits the Earth twice and splashes down off the coast of Puerto Rico.

1963 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson establishes the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

1967 – Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara announces his resignation.

1972 – Atari announces the release of Pong, the first commercially successful video game.

2009 – Maurice Clemmons shoots and kills four police officers inside a coffee shop in Lakewood, Washington.

Births

1752 – Jemima Wilkinson, American evangelist (d. 1819)

1799 – Amos Bronson Alcott, American philosopher and academic (d. 1888)

1816 – Morrison Waite, American jurist and politician, 7th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1888)

1818 – William Ellery Channing American poet and author (d. 1901)

1832 – Louisa May Alcott, American author and poet (d. 1888)

1908 – Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., American pastor and politician (d. 1972)

1920 – Joseph Shivers, American chemist and academic, developed spandex (d. 2014)

1922 – Minnie Miñoso, Cuban-American baseball player and coach (d. 2015)

1927 – Vin Scully, American sportscaster and game show host

1938 – Gene Okerlund, American ring announcer and journalist

1940 – Chuck Mangione, American horn player and composer

1946 – Suzy Chaffee, American skier and actress

1949 – Jerry Lawler, American wrestler, sportscaster, and actor

1949 – Garry Shandling, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (d. 2016)

1959 – Neal Broten, American ice hockey player

1969 – Mariano Rivera, Panamanian-American baseball player

1988 – Russell Wilson, American football player

Deaths

1797 – Samuel Langdon, American pastor, theologian, and academic (b. 1723)

1974 – James J. Braddock, American boxer (b. 1905)

1980 – Dorothy Day, American journalist and activist, co-founded the Catholic Worker Movement (b. 1897)

1986 – Cary Grant, English-American actor and singer (b. 1904)

2001 – George Harrison, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor  (b. 1943)