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This Day in History: November 28

Events

1520 – After navigating through a strait at the southern end of South America, three ships under the command of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan reach the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first European ships to sail from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific.

1843 – Ka Lā Hui (Hawaiian Independence Day): The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.

1862 – American Civil War: In the Battle of Cane Hill, Union troops under General James G. Blunt defeat General John Marmaduke's Confederates.

1895 – The first American automobile race takes place over the 54 miles from Chicago's Jackson Park to Evanston, Illinois. Frank Duryea wins in approximately 10 hours.

1907 – In Haverhill, Massachusetts, scrap-metal dealer Louis B. Mayer opens his first movie theater.

1908 – A mine explosion in Marianna, Pennsylvania, kills 154 men, leaving only one survivor.

1914 – World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.

1925 – The Grand Ole Opry begins broadcasting in Nashville, Tennessee, as the WSM Barn Dance.

1942 – In Boston, Massachusetts, a fire in the Cocoanut Grove nightclub kills 492 people.

1943 – World War II: Tehran Conference: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran, Iran, to discuss war strategy.

1964 – Mariner program: NASA launches the Mariner 4 probe toward Mars.

1964 – Vietnam War: National Security Council members agree to recommend that U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson adopt a plan for a two-stage escalation of bombing in North Vietnam.

1965 – Vietnam War: In response to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson's call for "more flags" in Vietnam, Philippine President-elect Ferdinand Marcos announces he will send troops to help fight in South Vietnam.

Births

1805 – John Lloyd Stephens, American archeologist and explorer (d. 1852)

1837 – John Wesley Hyatt, American engineer (d. 1920)

1853 – Helen Magill White, American academic (d. 1944)

1866 – Henry Bacon, American architect, designed the Lincoln Memorial (d. 1924)

1952 – S. Epatha Merkerson, American actress

1962 – Jon Stewart, American comedian, actor, and television host

Deaths

1794 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, Prussian-American general (b. 1730)

1859 – Washington Irving, American short story writer, essayist, biographer, historian (b. 1783)

1901 – Moses Dickson, African-American abolitionist, soldier, minister and founder of The Knights of Liberty (b. 1824)

1939 – James Naismith, Canadian-American physician and educator, created basketball (b. 1861)

1954 – Enrico Fermi, Italian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)

2012 – Zig Ziglar, American soldier and author (b. 1926)