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This Day in History: November 27

Events

1839 – In Boston, Massachusetts, the American Statistical Association is founded.

1863 – American Civil War: Confederate cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan and several of his men escape the Ohio Penitentiary and return safely to the South.

1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Mine Run: Union forces under General George Meade take up positions against troops led by Confederate General Robert E. Lee.

1868 – American Indian Wars: Battle of Washita River: United States Army Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer leads an attack on Cheyenne living on reservation land.

1901 – The U.S. Army War College is established.

1924 – In New York City, the first Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is held.

1945 – CARE (then the Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe) was founded to a send CARE Packages of food relief to Europe after World War II.

1954 – Alger Hiss is released from prison after serving 44 months for perjury.

1965 – Vietnam War: The Pentagon tells U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson that if planned operations are to succeed, the number of American troops in Vietnam has to be increased from 120,000 to 400,000.

1968 – Penny Ann Early became the first woman to play major professional basketball, for the Kentucky Colonels in an ABA game against the Los Angeles Stars.

1973 – Twenty-fifth Amendment: The United States Senate votes 92–3 to confirm Gerald Ford as Vice President of the United States. (On December 6, the House will confirm him 387–35).

1978 – In San Francisco, city mayor George Moscone and openly gay city supervisor Harvey Milk are assassinated by former supervisor Dan White.

2001 – A hydrogen atmosphere is discovered on the extrasolar planet Osiris by the Hubble Space Telescope, the first atmosphere detected on an extrasolar planet.

2015 – An active shooter in a Planned Parenthood facility in the American city of Colorado Springs, Colorado shoots at least four members of the Colorado Springs Police Department with one officer later dying. Two civilians were also killed, and six were injured. The shooter later surrendered.

Births

1746 – Robert R. Livingston, American lawyer and politician, 1st United States Secretary for Foreign Affairs (d. 1813)

1843 – Cornelius Vanderbilt II, American businessman (d. 1899)

1894 – Katherine Milhous, American author and illustrator (d. 1977)

1907 – L. Sprague de Camp, American historian and author (d. 2000)

1909 – James Agee, American author, screenwriter, and critic (d. 1955)

1916 – Chick Hearn, American sportscaster and actor (d. 2002)

1917 – Buffalo Bob Smith, American actor, singer, and television host (d. 1998)

1933 – Gordon S. Wood, American historian and academic

1937 – Gail Sheehy, American journalist and author

1940 – Bruce Lee, American-Chinese actor, martial artist, and screenwriter (d. 1973)

1942 – Marilyn Hacker, American poet and critic

1942 – Jimi Hendrix, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 1970)

1955 – Bill Nye, American engineer, educator, and television host

1957 – Caroline Kennedy, American lawyer and diplomat, 29th United States Ambassador to Japan

1960 – Tim Pawlenty, American lawyer and politician, 39th Governor of Minnesota

1964 – Robin Givens, American actress

1976 – Jaleel White, American actor and screenwriter

Deaths

1901 – Clement Studebaker, American businessman, co-founded Studebaker (b. 1831)

1953 – Eugene O'Neill, American playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)

1978 – Harvey Milk, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1930)

1978 – George Moscone, American lawyer and politician, 37th Mayor of San Francisco (b. 1929)

1988 – John Carradine, American actor and singer (b. 1906)

1997 – Buck Leonard, American baseball player and educator (b. 1907)