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This Day in History: November 24

Events

1835 – The Texas Provincial Government authorizes the creation of a horse-mounted police force called the Texas Rangers (which is now the Texas Ranger Division of the Texas Department of Public Safety).

1859 – Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species.

1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Lookout Mountain: Near Chattanooga, Tennessee, Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant capture Lookout Mountain and begin to break the Confederate siege of the city led by General Braxton Bragg.

1877 – Anna Sewell's animal welfare novel Black Beauty is published.

1906 – A 13–6 victory by the Massillon Tigers over their rivals, the Canton Bulldogs, for the "Ohio League" Championship, leads to accusations that the championship series was fixed and results in the first major scandal in professional American football.

1917 – In Milwaukee, nine members of the Milwaukee Police Department are killed by a bomb, the most deaths in a single event in U.S. police history until the September 11 attacks in 2001.

1932 – In Washington, D.C., the FBI Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory (better known as the FBI Crime Lab) officially opens.

1941 – World War II: The United States grants Lend-Lease to the Free French Forces.

1943 – World War II: The USS Liscome Bay is torpedoed near Tarawa and sinks, killing 650 men.

1944 – World War II: The 73rd Bombardment Wing launches the first attack on Tokyo from the Northern Mariana Islands.

1950 – The "Storm of the Century", a violent snowstorm, takes shape on this date before paralyzing the northeastern United States and the Appalachians the next day, bringing winds up to 100 mph and sub-zero temperatures. Pickens, West Virginia, records 57 inches of snow. Three hundred fifty-three people would die as a result of the storm.

1963 – In the first live, televised murder, Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of President John F. Kennedy, is murdered two days after the assassination, by Jack Ruby in the basement of Dallas police department headquarters.

1969 – Apollo program: The Apollo 12 command module splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean, ending the second manned mission to land on the Moon.

1971 – During a severe thunderstorm over Washington state, a hijacker calling himself Dan Cooper (aka D. B. Cooper) parachutes from a Northwest Orient Airlines plane with $200,000 in ransom money. He has never been found.

Births

1690 – Charles Theodore Pachelbel, German-American organist and composer (d. 1750)

1713 – Junípero Serra, Spanish priest and missionary (d. 1784)

1784 – Zachary Taylor, American general and politician, 12th President of the United States (d. 1850)

1849 – Frances Hodgson Burnett, English-American author and playwright (d. 1924)

1859 – Cass Gilbert, American architect, designed the United States Supreme Court Building and Woolworth Building (d. 1934)

1867 – Scott Joplin, American pianist and composer (d. 1917)

1877 – Alben W. Barkley, American lawyer and politician, 35th Vice President of the United States (d. 1956)

1888 – Dale Carnegie, American author and educator (d. 1955)

1925 – William F. Buckley, Jr., American publisher and author, founded the National Review (d. 2008)

Deaths

1781 – James Caldwell, American minister (b. 1734)

1807 – Joseph Brant, American tribal leader (b. 1742)

1948 – Anna Jarvis, American founder of Mother's Day (b. 1864)

1963 – Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of John F. Kennedy (b. 1939)

1982 – Barack Obama, Sr., Kenyan economist and academic (b. 1936)

2005 – Pat Morita, American actor, singer, and screenwriter (b. 1932)

2016    Florence Henderson, American actress (b. 1932)