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This Day in History: November 22

Events

1718 – Off the coast of North Carolina, British pirate Edward Teach (best known as "Blackbeard") is killed in battle with a boarding party led by Royal Navy Lieutenant Robert Maynard.

1812 – War of 1812: Seventeen Indiana Rangers are killed at the Battle of Wild Cat Creek.

1858 – Denver, Colorado, is founded.

1864 – American Civil War: John Bell Hood begins the Franklin–Nashville Campaign in an unsuccessful attempt to draw William Tecumseh Sherman back out of Georgia.

1935 – The China Clipper inaugurates the first commercial transpacific air service, connecting Alameda, California with Manila.

1942 – World War II: Battle of Stalingrad: General Friedrich Paulus sends Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that the German 6th Army is surrounded.

1943 – World War II: Cairo Conference: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese Premier Chiang Kai-shek meet in Cairo, Egypt, to discuss ways to defeat Japan.

1954 – The Humane Society of the United States is founded.

1963 – In Dallas, Texas, US President John F. Kennedy is assassinated and Texas Governor John Connally is seriously wounded. Suspect Lee Harvey Oswald is captured that day and charged with the murder of both the President and police officer J. D. Tippit. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson becomes President upon Kennedy's death.

1968 – The Beatles release The Beatles (known popularly as The White Album).

1977 – British Airways inaugurates a regular London to New York City supersonic Concorde service.

1986 – Mike Tyson defeats Trevor Berbick to become youngest Heavyweight champion in boxing history.

1987 – Two Chicago television stations are hijacked by an unknown pirate dressed as Max Headroom.

1988 – In Palmdale, California, the first prototype B-2 Spirit stealth bomber is revealed.

1995 – Toy Story is released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery.

Births

1643 – René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, French-American explorer (d. 1687)

1744 – Abigail Adams, American wife of John Adams, 2nd First Lady of the United States (d. 1818)

1868 – John Nance Garner, American lawyer and politician, 32nd Vice President of the United States (d. 1967)

1898 – Wiley Post, American pilot (d. 1935)

1912 – Doris Duke, American art collector and philanthropist (d. 1993)

1918 – Claiborne Pell, American captain and politician (d. 2009)

1926 – Arthur Jones, American businessman, founded Nautilus, Inc. and MedX Corporation (d. 2007)

1932 – Robert Vaughn, American actor and director

1938 – John Eleuthère du Pont, American businessman and philanthropist, founded Delaware Museum of Natural History (d. 2010)

1940 – Roy Thomas, American author

1942 – Guion Bluford, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut

1943 – Billie Jean King, American tennis player and sportscaster

1961 – Mariel Hemingway, American actress

1984 – Scarlett Johansson, American actress and singer

Deaths

1718 – Blackbeard, English pirate (b. 1680)

1875 – Henry Wilson, American colonel, journalist, and politician, 18th Vice President of the United States (b. 1812)

1886 – William Bliss Baker, American painter (b. 1859)

1886 – Mary Boykin Chesnut, American author (b. 1823)

1896 – George Washington Gale Ferris Jr., American engineer, invented the Ferris wheel (b. 1859)

1902 – Walter Reed, American physician and entomologist (b. 1851)

1916 – Jack London, American novelist and journalist (b. 1876)

1943 – Lorenz Hart, American playwright and composer (b. 1895)

1954 – Jess McMahon, American wrestling promoter, co-founded Capitol Wrestling Corporation (b. 1882)

1955 – Shemp Howard, American actor and singer (b. 1895)

1963 – Aldous Huxley, English-American author and screenwriter (b. 1894)

1963 – John F. Kennedy, American lieutenant and politician, 35th President of the United States (b. 1917)

1963 – J. D. Tippit, American police officer (b. 1924)

1980 – Mae West, American actress, singer, and screenwriter (b. 1893)

1986 – Scatman Crothers, American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1910)

1989 – C. C. Beck, American illustrator (b. 1910)

2001 – Mary Kay Ash, American businesswoman, founded Mary Kay, Inc. (b. 1915)