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This Day in History: November 2

Events

1675 – Plymouth Colony governor Josiah Winslow leads a colonial militia against the Narragansett during King Philip's War.

1889 – North Dakoka and South Dakota are admitted as the 39th and 40th U.S. states.

1895 – The first gasoline-powered race in the United States; first prize is $2,000.

1898 – Cheerleading is started at the University of Minnesota with Johnny Campbell leading the crowd in cheering on the football team.

1909 – Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity is founded at Boston University.

1920 – In the United States, KDKA of Pittsburgh starts broadcasting as the first commercial radio station. The first broadcast is the result of the United States presidential election, 1920.

1920 – Adam Martin Wyant became the first former professional American football player to be elected to the United States Congress.

1947 – In California, designer Howard Hughes performs the maiden (and only) flight of the Spruce Goose or H-4 The Hercules; the largest fixed-wing aircraft ever built.

1957 – The Levelland UFO Case in Levelland, Texas, generates national publicity.

1959 – Quiz show scandals: Twenty One game show contestant Charles Van Doren admits to a Congressional committee that he had been given questions and answers in advance.

1960 – Penguin Books is found not guilty of obscenity in the trial R v Penguin Books Ltd, the Lady Chatterley's Lover case.

1965 – Norman Morrison, a 31-year-old Quaker, sets himself on fire in front of the river entrance to the Pentagon to protest the use of napalm in the Vietnam war.

1966 – The Cuban Adjustment Act comes into force, allowing 123,000 Cubans the opportunity to apply for permanent residence in the United States.

1967 – Vietnam War: US President Lyndon B. Johnson and "The Wise Men" conclude that the American people should be given more optimistic reports on the progress of the war.

1983 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill creating Martin Luther King, Jr. Day.

1984 – Capital punishment: Velma Barfield becomes the first woman executed in the United States since 1962.

1988 – The Morris worm, the first Internet-distributed computer worm to gain significant mainstream media attention, is launched from MIT.

2000 – The first resident crew to the ISS docked with their Soyuz TM-31 spacecraft.

Births

1734 – Daniel Boone, American hunter and explorer (d. 1820)

1795 – James K. Polk, American lawyer and politician, 11th President of the United States (d. 1849)

1799 – John Light Atlee, American physician and surgeon (d. 1885)

1799 – Titian Peale, American entomologist and photographer (d. 1885)

1865 – Warren G. Harding, American journalist and politician, 29th President of the United States (d. 1923)

1879 – Marion Jones Farquhar, American tennis player and violinist (d. 1965)

1885 – Harlow Shapley, American astronomer and academic (d. 1972)

1914 – Johnny Vander Meer, American baseball player and manager (d. 1997)

1927 – Steve Ditko, American author and illustrator

1938 – Pat Buchanan, American journalist and politician

1974 – Nelly, American rapper and actor

Deaths

1944 – Thomas Midgley, Jr., American chemist and engineer (b. 1889)

1961 – James Thurber, American humorist and cartoonist (b. 1894)

1991 – Irwin Allen, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1916)

1992 – Hal Roach, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1892)

2007 – The Fabulous Moolah, American wrestler (b. 1923)