1754 – French and Indian War: In the first engagement of the war, Virginia militia under the 22-year-old Lieutenant colonel George Washington defeat a French reconnaissance party in the Battle of Jumonville Glen in what is now Fayette County in southwestern Pennsylvania.
1830 – U.S. President Andrew Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act which relocates Native Americans.
1892 – In San Francisco, John Muir organizes the Sierra Club.
1937 – The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California, is officially opened by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington, D.C., who pushes a button signaling the start of vehicle traffic over the span.
1961 – Peter Benenson's article The Forgotten Prisoners is published in several internationally read newspapers. This will later be thought of as the founding of the human rights organization Amnesty International.
1996 – U.S. President Bill Clinton's former business partners in the Whitewater land deal, Jim McDougal and Susan McDougal, and the Governor of Arkansas Jim Guy Tucker, are convicted of fraud.
2002 – The last steel girder is removed from the original World Trade Center site. Cleanup duties officially end with closing ceremonies at Ground Zero in Manhattan, New York City.
2002 – NATO declares Russia a limited partner in the Western alliance.
2002 – The Mars Odyssey finds signs of large ice deposits on the planet Mars.
1807 – Louis Agassiz, Swiss-American paleontologist and geologist (d. 1873)
1818 – P. G. T. Beauregard, American general (d. 1893)
1888 – Jim Thorpe, American decathlete, football player, and coach (d. 1953)
1910 – T-Bone Walker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1975)
1936 – Betty Shabazz, American educator and activist (d. 1997)
1938 – Jerry West, American basketball player, coach, and manager
1943 – Helen Hardin, American painter (d. 1984)
1944 – Rudy Giuliani, American lawyer and politician, 107th mayor of New York City
1944 – Gladys Knight, American singer-songwriter and actress (Gladys Knight & the Pips)
1945 – Patch Adams, American physician and author, founded the Gesundheit! Institute
1945 – John Fogerty, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Creedence Clearwater Revival and The Golliwogs)
1949 – Wendy O. Williams, American singer-songwriter and actress (Plasmatics) (d. 1998)
1950 – Kamala, American wrestler
1971 – Marco Rubio, American lawyer and politician
1977 – Elisabeth Hasselbeck, American talk show host and author
1986 – Seth Rollins, American wrestler
1992 – Mira Gonzalez, American poet
1843 – Noah Webster, American lexicographer and author (b. 1758)
1971 – Audie Murphy, American lieutenant and actor, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1924)
2010 – Gary Coleman, American actor (b. 1968)
2014 – Maya Angelou, American memoirist and poet (b. 1928)
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