1813 – War of 1812: In Canada, American forces capture Fort George.
1863 – American Civil War: First Assault on the Confederate works at the Siege of Port Hudson.
1896 – The F4-strength 1896 St. Louis–East St. Louis tornado hits in St. Louis, Missouri, and East St. Louis, Illinois, killing at least 255 people and causing $2.9 billion in damage (1997 US dollars).
1927 – The Ford Motor Company ceases manufacture of the Ford Model T and begins to retool plants to make the Ford Model A.
1930 – The 1,046 feet (319 m) Chrysler Building in New York City, the tallest man-made structure at the time, opens to the public.
1933 – New Deal: The U.S. Federal Securities Act is signed into law requiring the registration of securities with the Federal Trade Commission.
1933 – The Walt Disney Company releases the cartoon Three Little Pigs, with its hit song "Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf?"
1933 – The Century of Progress World's Fair opens in Chicago.
1935 – New Deal: The Supreme Court of the United States declares the National Industrial Recovery Act to be unconstitutional in A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, (295 U.S. 495).
1937 – In California, the Golden Gate Bridge opens to pedestrian traffic, creating a vital link between San Francisco and Marin County, California.
1941 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaims an "unlimited national emergency".
1941 – World War II: The German battleship Bismarck is sunk in the North Atlantic killing almost 2,100 men.
1958 – The F-4 Phantom II makes its first flight.
1965 – Vietnam War: American warships begin the first bombardment of National Liberation Front targets within South Vietnam.
1967 – The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS John F. Kennedy is launched by Jacqueline Kennedy and her daughter Caroline.
1968 – Major League Baseball's National League awards Montreal the first franchise in Canada and the first franchise outside the United States. (the Montreal Expos)
1997 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that Paula Jones can pursue her sexual harassment lawsuit against President Bill Clinton while he is in office.
1998 – Oklahoma City bombing: Michael Fortier is sentenced to 12 years in prison and fined $200,000 for failing to warn authorities about the terrorist plot.
1794 – Cornelius Vanderbilt, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1877)
1818 – Amelia Bloomer, American journalist and activist (d. 1894)
1819 – Julia Ward Howe, American poet and songwriter (d. 1910)
1837 – Wild Bill Hickok, American police officer (d. 1876)
1894 – Dashiell Hammett, American detective novelist and screenwriter (d. 1961)
1907 – Rachel Carson, American biologist, environmentalist, and author (d. 1964)
1909 – Dolores Hope, American singer and philanthropist (d. 2011)
1911 – Hubert Humphrey, American journalist and politician, 38th Vice President of the United States (d. 1978)
1911 – Vincent Price, American actor and singer (d. 1993)
1912 – Sam Snead, American golfer and sportscaster (d. 2002)
1915 – Herman Wouk, American sailor and author
1923 – Henry Kissinger, German-American political scientist and politician, 56th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate
1936 – Louis Gossett, Jr., American actor and producer
1937 – Allan Carr, American playwright and producer (d. 1999)
1956 – Cynthia McFadden, American journalist
1968 – Frank Thomas, American baseball player and sportscaster
1971 – Lisa Lopes, American rapper, dancer, and actress (TLC) (d. 2002)
1831 – Jedediah Smith, American hunter, explorer, and author (b. 1799)
1949 – Robert Ripley, American cartoonist, publisher, and businessman, founded Ripley's Believe It or Not! (b. 1890)
2007 – Gretchen Wyler, American actress and dancer (b. 1932)
2007 – Ed Yost, American inventor, created the hot air balloon (b. 1919)
2009 – Clive Granger, Welsh-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1934)
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