MPSHome Alumni Calendar Contact MyMPS
This Day in U.S. History: May 23

Events

1788 – South Carolina ratifies the United States Constitution as the eighth American state.

1846 – Mexican–American War: President Mariano Paredes of Mexico unofficially declares war on the United States.

1911 – The New York Public Library is dedicated.

1934 – The American bank robbers Bonnie and Clyde are ambushed by police and killed in Bienville Parish, Louisiana.

1934 – The Auto-Lite strike culminates in the "Battle of Toledo", a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers.

1939 – The U.S. Navy submarine USS Squalus sinks off the coast of New Hampshire during a test dive, causing the death of 24 sailors and two civilian technicians. The remaining 32 sailors and one civilian naval architect are rescued the following day.

1945 – World War II: Heinrich Himmler, the head of the Schutzstaffel, commits suicide while in Allied custody.

1958 – The satellite Explorer 1 ceases transmission.

1995 – The first version of the Java programming language is released.

2012 – Adam Lambert became the first openly gay artist to debut at #1 on the Billboard 200 Album Charts, with his album Trespassing.

2013 – The Interstate 5 bridge over the Skagit River collapses in Mount Vernon, Washington.

2014 – Seven people, including the perpetrator, are killed and another 14 injured in a killing spree near the campus of University of California, Santa Barbara.

2015 – At least 46 people are killed as a result of floods caused by a tornado in Texas and Oklahoma.

Births

1810 – Margaret Fuller, American journalist and critic (d. 1850)

1820 – James Buchanan Eads, American engineer, designed the Eads Bridge (d. 1887)

1820 – Lorenzo Sawyer, American lawyer and judge (d. 1891)

1824 – Ambrose Burnside, American general and politician, 30th Governor of Rhode Island (d. 1881)

1875 – Alfred P. Sloan, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1966)

1883 – Douglas Fairbanks, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1939)

1888 – Zack Wheat, American baseball player and police officer (d. 1972)

1893 – Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1977)

1910 – Scatman Crothers, American actor, singer, dancer, and guitarist (d. 1986)

1910 – Artie Shaw, American clarinet player, composer, and bandleader (d. 2004)

1915 – S. Donald Stookey, American physicist and chemist, invented CorningWare (d. 2014)

1917 – Edward Norton Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist (d. 2008)

1919 – Robert Bernstein, American author and playwright (d. 1988)

1920 – Helen O'Connell, American singer (d. 1993)

1925 – Joshua Lederberg, American biologist and geneticist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2008)

1928 – Rosemary Clooney, American singer and actress (d. 2002)

1939 – Jack McCarthy, American poet and author (d. 2013)

1949 – Daniel DiNardo, American cardinal

1956 – Buck Showalter, American baseball player, coach, and manager

1958 – Drew Carey, American actor and game show host

1974 – Jewel, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, actress, and poet

1974 – Ken Jennings, American computer scientist, author, and game show contestant

1976 – Kelly Monaco, American model and actress

1987 – Bray Wyatt, American wrestler

Deaths

1752 – William Bradford, English-American printer (b. 1663)

1868 – Kit Carson, American general (b. 1809)

1934 – Clyde Barrow, American criminal (b. 1909)

1934 – Bonnie Parker, American criminal (b. 1910)

1937 – John D. Rockefeller, American businessman and philanthropist, founded the Standard Oil Company and Rockefeller University (b. 1839)

1975 – Moms Mabley, American comedian and actor (b. 1894)

2002 – Sam Snead, American golfer and journalist (b. 1912)

2008 – Utah Phillips, American singer-songwriter and poet (b. 1935)

2012 – Paul Fussell, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1924)

2013 – William Demby, American author (b. 1922)

2015 – John Forbes Nash, Jr., American mathematician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1928)