1513 – Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León reaches the northern end of The Bahamas on his first voyage to Florida.
1794 – The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.
1814 – War of 1812: In central Alabama, U.S. forces under General Andrew Jackson defeat the Creek at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.
1836 – Texas Revolution: Goliad massacre: On the orders of General Antonio López de Santa Anna, the Mexican army butchers 342 Texas POWs at Goliad, Texas.
1866 – President Andrew Johnson vetoes the Civil Rights Act of 1866. His veto is overridden by Congress and the bill passes into law on April 9.
1884 – A mob in Cincinnati, Ohio, attacks members of a jury who had returned a verdict of manslaughter in a clear case of murder, and then over the next few days would riot and destroy the courthouse.
1886 – Famous Apache warrior, Geronimo, surrenders to the U.S. Army, ending the main phase of the Apache Wars.
1890 – A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.
1899 – Emilio Aguinaldo leads Filipino forces for the only time during the Philippine–American War at the Battle of Marilao River.
1915 – Typhoid Mary, the first healthy carrier of disease ever identified in the United States, is put in quarantine, where she would remain for the rest of her life.
1943 – World War II: Battle of the Komandorski Islands: In the Aleutian Islands the battle begins when United States Navy forces intercept Japanese attempting to reinforce a garrison at Kiska.
1945 – World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins. Argentina declares war on the Axis Powers.
1958 – Nikita Khrushchev becomes Premier of the Soviet Union.
1964 – The Good Friday earthquake, the most powerful earthquake in U.S. history at a magnitude of 9.2 strikes Southcentral Alaska, killing 125 people and inflicting massive damage to the city of Anchorage.
1975 – Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
1976 – The first 4.6 miles of the Washington Metro subway system opens.
1990 – The United States begins broadcasting TV Martí, an anti-Castro propaganda network, to Cuba.
1998 – The Food and Drug Administration approves Viagra for use as a treatment for male impotence, the first pill to be approved for this condition in the United States.
1813 – Nathaniel Currier, American illustrator, co-founded Currier and Ives (d. 1888)
1844 – Adolphus Greely, American general and explorer, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1935)
1879 – Miller Huggins, American baseball player and manager (d. 1929)
1924 – Sarah Vaughan, American singer (d. 1990)
1958 – Susan Molinari, American journalist and politician
1970 – Mariah Carey, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
1900 – Joseph A. Campbell, American businessman, founded the Campbell Soup Company (b. 1817)
1918 – Henry Adams, American journalist, historian, and author (b. 1838)
1940 – Madeleine Astor, American survivor of the Sinking of the RMS Titanic (b. 1893)
1945 – Vincent Hugo Bendix, American engineer and businessman, founded Bendix Corporation (b. 1881)
1992 – Easley Blackwood, Sr., American bridge player and author (b. 1903)
2002 – Milton Berle, American comedian and actor (b. 1908)
2002 – Billy Wilder, Austrian-born American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1906)
2005 – Bob Casey, American sportscaster (b. 1925)
2009 – Irving R. Levine, American journalist and author (b. 1922)
2016 – Mother Angelica, American Roman Catholic religious leader and media personality (b. 1923)
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