1584 – Sir Walter Raleigh is granted a patent to colonize Virginia.
1634 – The first settlers arrive in Maryland.
1865 – American Civil War: In Virginia, Confederate forces temporarily capture Fort Stedman from the Union.
1894 – Coxey's Army, the first significant American protest march, departs Massillon, Ohio for Washington, D.C.
1911 – In New York City, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire kills 146 garment workers.
1931 – The Scottsboro Boys are arrested in Alabama and charged with rape.
1947 – An explosion in a coal mine in Centralia, Illinois kills 111.
1948 – The first successful tornado forecast predicts that a tornado will strike Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma.
1957 – United States Customs seizes copies of Allen Ginsberg's poem "Howl" on obscenity grounds.
1965 – Civil rights activists led by Martin Luther King Jr. successfully complete their 4-day 50-mile march from Selma to the capitol in Montgomery, Alabama.
1971 – The Army of the Republic of Vietnam abandon an attempt to cut off the Ho Chi Minh trail in Laos.
1979 – The first fully functional Space Shuttle orbiter, Columbia, is delivered to the John F. Kennedy Space Center to be prepared for its first launch.
1990 – The Happy Land fire was an arson fire that kills 87 people trapped inside an illegal nightclub in The Bronx, New York City.
1996 – An 81-day-long standoff between the anti-government group Montana Freemen and law enforcement near Jordan, Montana, begins.
2006 – Capitol Hill massacre: A gunman kills six people before taking his own life at a party in Seattle's Capitol Hill neighborhood.
1867 – Gutzon Borglum, American sculptor, designed Mount Rushmore (d. 1941)
1911 – Jack Ruby, American murderer (d. 1967)
1914 – Norman Borlaug, American agronomist and humanitarian, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2009)
1918 – Howard Cosell, American soldier, journalist, and author (d. 1995)
1926 – Gene Shalit, American journalist and critic
1928 – Jim Lovell, American captain, pilot, and astronaut
1934 – Gloria Steinem, American feminist activist, co-founded the Women's Media Center
1942 – Aretha Franklin, American singer-songwriter and pianist
1967 – Debi Thomas, American figure skater and physician
1971 – Sheryl Swoopes, American basketball player and coach
1974 – Lark Voorhies, American actress and singer
1982 – Danica Patrick, American race car driver
1931 – Ida B. Wells, American journalist and activist (b. 1862)
1988 – Robert Joffrey, American dancer, choreographer, and director, co-founded the Joffrey Ballet (b. 1930)
3131 19th Avenue South Minneapolis, MN 55407
Telephone: 612.668.4300 | Fax: 612.668.4310