1663 – The Province of Carolina is granted by charter to eight Lords Proprietor in reward for their assistance in restoring Charles II of England to the throne.
1765 – American Revolution: Great Britain passes the Quartering Act, which requires the Thirteen Colonies to house British troops.
1832 – In Hiram, Ohio, a group of men beat and tar and feather Mormon leader Joseph Smith.
1900 – Mayor of New York City Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
1934 – United States Congress passes the Tydings–McDuffie Act, allowing the Philippines to become a self-governing commonwealth.
1944 – World War II: In an event later dramatized in the movie The Great Escape, 76 Allied prisoners of war begin breaking out of the German camp Stalag Luft III.
1958 – Rock 'n' roll teen idol Elvis Presley is drafted in the U.S. Army.
1965 – NASA spacecraft Ranger 9, equipped to convert its signals into a form suitable for showing on domestic television, brings images of the Moon into ordinary homes before crash landing.
1973 – Kenyan athlete Kip Keino defeats Jim Ryun at the first-ever professional track meet in Los Angeles.
1989 – Exxon Valdez oil spill: In Prince William Sound in Alaska, the Exxon Valdez spills 240,000 barrels (38,000 m3) of crude oil after running aground.
1993 – Discovery of Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9.
1998 – Jonesboro massacre: Mitchell Johnson and Andrew Golden, aged 11 and 13 respectively, fire upon teachers and students at Westside Middle School in Jonesboro, Arkansas; five people are killed and ten are wounded.
1999 – Kosovo War: NATO commences aerial bombardment against Yugoslavia, marking the first time NATO has attacked a sovereign country.
2000 – S&P 500 index reaches an intraday high of 1,552.87, a peak that, due to the collapse of the dot-com bubble, it will not reach again for another seven-and-a-half years.
2014 – A train overruns the buffers at Chicago O'Hare Airport station, injuring 32 people.
1820 – Fanny Crosby, American poet and composer (d. 1915)
1834 – John Wesley Powell, American soldier, geologist, and explorer (d. 1902)
1855 – Andrew W. Mellon, American banker, financier, and diplomat, 49th United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1937)
1874 – Harry Houdini, Hungarian-American magician and actor (d. 1926)
1902 – Thomas E. Dewey, American lawyer and politician, 47th Governor of New York (d. 1971)
1911 – Joseph Barbera, American animator, director, and producer, co-founded Hanna-Barbera (d. 2006)
1940 – Bob Mackie, American fashion designer
1951 – Tommy Hilfiger, American fashion designer, founded the Tommy Hilfiger Corporation
1965 – The Undertaker, American wrestler and actor
1976 – Peyton Manning, American football player and entrepreneur
1882 – Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet and educator (b. 1807)
2016 – Garry Shandling, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1949)
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