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This Day in U.S. History: March 22

Events

1621 – The Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony sign a peace treaty with Massasoit of the Wampanoags.

1622 – Jamestown massacre: Algonquian Indians kill 347 English settlers around Jamestown, Virginia, a third of the colony's population, during the Second Anglo-Powhatan War.

1630 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony outlaws the possession of cards, dice, and gaming tables.

1638 – Anne Hutchinson is expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony for religious dissent.

1713 – The Tuscarora War comes to an end with the fall of Fort Neoheroka, effectively opening up the interior of North Carolina to European colonization.

1765 – The British Parliament passes the Stamp Act that introduces a tax to be levied directly on its American colonies.

1871 – In North Carolina, William Woods Holden becomes the first governor of a U.S. state to be removed from office by impeachment.

1872 – Illinois becomes the first state to require gender equality in employment

1894 – The first playoff game for the Stanley Cup starts.

1960 – Arthur Leonard Schawlow and Charles Hard Townes receive the first patent for a laser

1972 – The United States Congress sends the Equal Rights Amendment to the states for ratification.

1972 – In Eisenstadt v. Baird, the United States Supreme Court decides that unmarried persons have the right to possess contraceptives.

1975 – A fire at the Browns Ferry Nuclear Power Plant in Decatur, Alabama causes a dangerous reduction in cooling water levels.

1978 – Karl Wallenda of The Flying Wallendas dies after falling off a tight-rope between two hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

1982 – NASA's Space Shuttle Columbia, is launched from the Kennedy Space Center on its third mission, STS-3.

1984 – Teachers at the McMartin preschool in Manhattan Beach, California are charged with satanic ritual abuse of the children in the school. The charges are later dropped as completely unfounded.

1989 – Clint Malarchuk of the Buffalo Sabres suffers a near-fatal injury when another player's skate accidentally slits his throat.

1992 – USAir Flight 405 crashes shortly after takeoff from New York City's LaGuardia Airport, leading to a number of studies into the effect that ice has on aircraft.

1993 – The Intel Corporation ships the first Pentium chips (80586), featuring a 60 MHz clock speed, 100+ MIPS, and a 64 bit data path.

1997 – Tara Lipinski, age 14 years and 10 months, becomes the youngest women's World Figure Skating Champion.

1997 – The Comet Hale–Bopp has its closest approach to Earth.

2014 – Forty-three people are killed in a mudslide near Oso, Washington.

Births

1817 – Braxton Bragg, American general (d. 1876)

1887 – Chico Marx, American actor and singer (d. 1961)

1908 – Louis L'Amour, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1988)

1931 – William Shatner, Canadian actor, singer, director, and producer

1940 – Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian-American physician, author, and actor (d. 1996)

1941 – Billy Collins, American poet

1948 – Wolf Blitzer, German-American journalist

1952 – Bob Costas, American talk show host and sportscaster

1976 – Reese Witherspoon, American actress and producer

Deaths

1863 – Opothleyahola, American tribal chief (b. 1796)

1978 – Karl Wallenda, German-American acrobat and tightrope walker (b. 1905)

2001 – William Hanna, American animator, director, producer, and voice actor, co-founded Hanna-Barbera (b. 1910)