1493 – Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after his first trip to the Americas.
1781 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Guilford Court House: Near present-day Greensboro, North Carolina, 1,900 British troops under General Charles Cornwallis defeat an American force numbering 4,400.
1783 – In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy. The plea is successful and the threatened coup d'état never takes place.
1820 – Maine becomes the 23rd U.S. state.
1864 – American Civil War: The Red River Campaign : U.S. Navy fleet arrives at Alexandria, Louisiana.
1875 – Archbishop of New York John McCloskey is named the first cardinal in the United States.
1916 – United States President Woodrow Wilson sends 4,800 United States troops over the U.S.–Mexico border to pursue Pancho Villa.
1956 – My Fair Lady debuts on Broadway at the Mark Hellinger Theatre.
1965 – President Lyndon B. Johnson, responding to the Selma crisis, tells U.S. Congress "We shall overcome" while advocating the Voting Rights Act.
1985 – The first Internet domain name is registered (symbolics.com).
1990 – Mikhail Gorbachev is elected as the first President of the Soviet Union.
1767 – Andrew Jackson, American general, judge, and politician, 7th President of the United States (d. 1845)
1809 – Joseph Jenkins Roberts, American-Liberian historian and politician, 1st President of Liberia (d. 1876)
1858 – Liberty Hyde Bailey, American botanist and academic, co-founded the American Society for Horticultural Science (d. 1954)
1975 – will.i.am, American rapper, producer, and actor
1975 – Eva Longoria, American actress and producer
1937 – H. P. Lovecraft, American author and poet (b. 1890)
1966 – Abe Saperstein, American basketball player and coach (b. 1902)
1998 – Benjamin Spock, American pediatrician and author (b. 1903)
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