1534 – Jacques Cartier is the first European to discover the Saint Lawrence River.
1650 – The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. It is the first legal corporation in the Americas.
1732 – James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of the future U.S. state of Georgia.
1762 – British forces begin the Siege of Havana and capture the city during the Seven Years' War.
1772 – The British schooner Gaspee is burned off the coast of Rhode Island.
1856 – Five hundred Mormons leave Iowa City, Iowa, and head west for Salt Lake City carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts.
1862 – American Civil War: Stonewall Jackson concludes his successful Shenandoah Valley Campaign with a victory in the Battle of Port Republic; his tactics during the campaign are now studied by militaries around the world.
1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Brandy Station, Virginia.
1915 – William Jennings Bryan resigns as Woodrow Wilson's Secretary of State over a disagreement regarding the United States' handling of the sinking of the RMS Lusitania.
1930 – A Chicago Tribune reporter, Jake Lingle, is killed during rush hour at the Illinois Central train station by Leo Vincent Brothers, allegedly over a $100,000 gambling debt owed to Al Capone.
1934 – Donald Duck makes his debut in The Wise Little Hen.
1948 – Foundation of the International Council on Archives under the auspices of the UNESCO.
1953 – Flint–Worcester tornado outbreak sequence: a tornado spawned from the same storm system as the Flint tornado hits in Worcester, Massachusetts, killing 94.
1954 – McCarthyism: Joseph Welch, special counsel for the United States Army, lashes out at Senator Joseph McCarthy during hearings on whether Communism has infiltrated the Army giving McCarthy the famous rebuke, "You've done enough. Have you no sense of decency, sir, at long last? Have you left no sense of decency?"
1959 – The USS George Washington is launched. It is the first submarine to carry ballistic missiles.
1968 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a national day of mourning following the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy.
1972 – Severe rainfall causes a dam in the Black Hills of South Dakota to burst, creating a flood that kills 238 people and causes $160 million in damage.
1973 – In horseracing, Secretariat wins the U.S. Triple Crown.
1978 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints opens its priesthood to "all worthy men", ending a 148-year-old policy of excluding black men.
1768 – Samuel Slater, English-American engineer and businessman (d. 1835)
1915 – Les Paul, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2009)
1916 – Robert McNamara, American businessman and politician, 8th United States Secretary of Defense (d. 2009)
1924 – Ed Farhat, American wrestler and manager (d. 2003)
1926 – Happy Rockefeller, American philanthropist, 31st Second Lady of the United States (d. 2015)
1939 – Dick Vitale, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster
1954 – George Pérez, American author and illustrator
1961 – Michael J. Fox, Canadian-American actor, producer, and author
1961 – Aaron Sorkin, American screenwriter, producer, and playwright
1963 – Johnny Depp, American actor
1964 – Wayman Tisdale, American basketball player and bass player (d. 2009)
1981 – Natalie Portman, Israeli-American actress, director, and producer
1981 – Allen Ludden, American game show host (b. 1917)
1984 – Helen Hardin, American painter (b. 1943)
1989 – George Wells Beadle, American geneticist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
1997 – Stanley Knowles, American-Canadian academic and politician (b. 1908)
1998 – Lois Mailou Jones, American painter and academic (b. 1905)
2000 – Jacob Lawrence, American painter and academic (b. 1917)
2007 – Frankie Abernathy, American purse designer, cast-member on The Real World: San Diego (b. 1981)
2012 – Abram Wilson, American-English trumpet player and educator (b. 1973)
2013 – Darondo, American singer (b. 1946)
2014 – Elsie Quarterman, American ecologist and academic (b. 1910)
2014 – Alicemarie Huber Stotler, American lawyer and judge (b. 1942)
2015 – Pumpkinhead, American rapper (b. 1975)
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