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This Day in History: June 8

Events

1776 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Trois-Rivières: American attackers are driven back at Trois-Rivières, Quebec.

1789 – James Madison introduces twelve proposed amendments to the United States Constitution in the House of Representatives; by 1791, ten of them are ratified by the state legislatures and become the Bill of Rights; another is eventually ratified in 1992 to become the 27th Amendment.

1861 – American Civil War: Tennessee secedes from the Union.

1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Cross Keys: Confederate forces under General Stonewall Jackson save the Army of Northern Virginia from a Union assault on the James Peninsula led by General George B. McClellan.

1887 – Herman Hollerith applies for US patent #395,781 for the 'Art of Compiling Statistics', which was his punched card calculator.

1906 – Theodore Roosevelt signs the Antiquities Act into law, authorizing the President to restrict the use of certain parcels of public land with historical or conservation value.

1912 – Carl Laemmle incorporates Universal Pictures.

1948 – Milton Berle hosts the debut of Texaco Star Theater.

1949 – The celebrities Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson are named in an FBI report as Communist Party members.

1949 – George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four is published.

1953 – An F5 tornado hits Beecher, Michigan, killing 116, injuring 844, and destroying 340 homes.

1953 – The United States Supreme Court rules that restaurants in Washington, D.C., cannot refuse to serve black patrons.

1959 – The USS Barbero and United States Postal Service attempt the delivery of mail via Missile Mail.

1966 – An F-104 Starfighter collides with XB-70 Valkyrie prototype no. 2, destroying both planes during a photo shoot near Edwards Air Force Base. Joseph A. Walker, a NASA pilot, and Carl Cross, a United States Air Force test pilot, are both killed.

1966 – Topeka, Kansas, is devastated by a tornado that registers as an "F5" on the Fujita scale: The first to exceed US$100 million in damages. Sixteen people are killed, hundreds more injured, and thousands of homes damaged or destroyed.

1968 – Robert F. Kennedy's funeral takes place at the St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City.

1972 – Vietnam War: Nine-year-old Phan Thị Kim Phúc is burned by napalm, an event captured by Associated Press photographer Nick Ut moments later while the young girl is seen running down a road, in what would become an iconic, Pulitzer Prize-winning photo.

1995 – The downed U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O'Grady is rescued by U.S. Marines in Bosnia.

2009 – Two American journalists are found guilty of illegally entering North Korea and sentenced to 12 years of penal labour.

Births

1847 – Ida Saxton McKinley, American wife of William McKinley, 25th First Lady of the United States (d. 1907)

1867 – Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect, designed the Price Tower and Fallingwater (d. 1959)

1901 – Lena Baker, American maid and murderer (d. 1945)

1910 – C. C. Beck, American illustrator (d. 1989)

1917 – Byron White, American football player and judge (d. 2002)

1921 – LeRoy Neiman, American soldier and painter (d. 2012)

1925 – Barbara Bush, American wife of George H. W. Bush, 41st First Lady of the United States

1925 – Eddie Gaedel, American baseball player (d. 1961)

1927 – Jerry Stiller, American actor, comedian and producer

1933 – Joan Rivers, American comedian, actress, and television host (d. 2014)

1940 – Nancy Sinatra, American singer and actress

1947 – Sara Paretsky, American author

1947 – Eric F. Wieschaus, American biologist, geneticist, and academic Nobel Prize laureate

1955 – Tim Berners-Lee, English-American computer scientist and engineer, invented the World Wide Web

1958 – Keenen Ivory Wayans, American actor, director, and screenwriter

1966 – Julianna Margulies, American actress

1970 – Gabrielle Giffords, American businesswoman and politician

1970 – Kwame Kilpatrick, American educator and politician, 68th Mayor of Detroit

1976 – Lindsay Davenport, American tennis player and coach

1976 – Trish Goff, American model and actress

1977 – Kanye West, American rapper, producer, director, and fashion designer (Child Rebel Soldier)

Deaths

1809 – Thomas Paine, English-American theorist and author (b. 1737)

1845 – Andrew Jackson, American general, judge, and politician, 7th President of the United States (b. 1767)

1874 – Cochise, American tribal chief (b. 1805)

1968 – Elizabeth Enright, American author and illustrator (b. 1909)

1982 – Satchel Paige, American baseball player and coach (b. 1906)