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This Day in History: June 29

Events

1534 – Jacques Cartier is the first European to reach Prince Edward Island.

1776 – First privateer battle of the American Revolutionary War fought at Turtle Gut Inlet near Cape May, New Jersey

1776 – Father Francisco Palou founds Mission San Francisco de Asís in what is now San Francisco.

1889 – Hyde Park and several other Illinois townships vote to be annexed by Chicago, forming the largest United States city in area and second largest in population.

1927 – The Bird of Paradise, a U.S. Army Air Corps Fokker tri-motor, completes the first transpacific flight, from the mainland United States to Hawaii.

1956 – The Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 is signed, officially creating the United States Interstate Highway System.

1972 – The United States Supreme Court rules in the case Furman v. Georgia that arbitrary and inconsistent imposition of the death penalty violates the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments, and constitutes cruel and unusual punishment.

1974 – Mikhail Baryshnikov defects from the Soviet Union to Canada while on tour with the Kirov Ballet.

1975 – Steve Wozniak tested his first prototype of Apple I computer.

1995 – Space Shuttle program: STS-71 Mission (Atlantis) docks with the Russian space station Mir for the first time.

2006 – Hamdan v. Rumsfeld: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that President George W. Bush's plan to try Guantanamo Bay detainees in military tribunals violates U.S. and international law.

2007 – Apple Inc. releases its first mobile phone, the iPhone.

Births

1803 – John Newton Brown, American minister and author (d. 1868)

1858 – George Washington Goethals, American general and engineer, co-designed the Panama Canal (d. 1928)

1861 – William James Mayo, American physician and surgeon, co-founded the Mayo Clinic (d. 1939)

1868 – George Ellery Hale, American astronomer and journalist (d. 1938)

1870 – Joseph Carl Breil, American tenor, composer, and director (d. 1926)

1908 – Leroy Anderson, American composer and conductor (d. 1975)

1910 – Frank Loesser, American composer and conductor (d. 1969)

1912 – John Toland, American historian and author (d. 2004)

1916 – Ruth Warrick, American actress, singer, and political activist (d. 2005)

1919 – Slim Pickens, American rodeo performer and actor (d. 1983)

1921 – Harry Schell, French-American race car driver (d. 1960)

1922 – John William Vessey, Jr., American general

1936 – Harmon Killebrew, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2011)

1941 – Stokely Carmichael, Trinidadian-American activist (d. 1998)

1943 – Little Eva, American singer (d. 2003)

1944 – Gary Busey, American actor

1944 – Seán Patrick O'Malley, American cardinal

1948 – Fred Grandy, American actor and politician

1980 – Martin Truex Jr., American race car driver

Deaths

1520 – Moctezuma II, Aztec ruler (b. 1466)

1852 – Henry Clay, American lawyer and politician, 9th United States Secretary of State (b. 1777)

1933 – Roscoe “Fatty” Arbuckle, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1887)

1967 – Jayne Mansfield, American actress (b. 1933)

1978 – Bob Crane, American actor and radio host (b. 1928)

1990 – Irving Wallace, American author and screenwriter (b. 1916)

1995 – Lana Turner, American actress and singer (b. 1921)

1999 – Allan Carr, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1937)

2002 – Rosemary Clooney, American singer and actress (b. 1928)

2003 – Katharine Hepburn, American actress and singer (b. 1907)

2007 – Joel Siegel, American journalist and critic (b. 1943)