1776 – The Battle of Sullivan's Island ends with the first decisive American victory in the American Revolutionary War leading to the commemoration of Carolina Day.
1776 – Thomas Hickey, Continental Army private and bodyguard to General George Washington, is hanged for mutiny and sedition.
1778 – The American Continentals engage the British in the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse resulting in standstill and British withdrawal under cover of darkness.
1846 – Adolphe Sax patents the saxophone
1855 – Sigma Chi fraternity is founded in North America.
1865 – The Army of the Potomac is disbanded.
1894 – Labor Day becomes an official US holiday.
1895 – The United States Court of Private Land Claims rules James Reavis' claim to Barony of Arizona is "wholly fictitious and fraudulent."
1896 – An explosion in the Newton Coal Company's Twin Shaft Mine in Pittston, Pennsylvania results in a massive cave-in that kills 58 miners.
1902 – The U.S. Congress passes the Spooner Act, authorizing President Theodore Roosevelt to acquire rights from Colombia for the Panama Canal.
1914 – Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by Bosnia Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip, the casus belli of World War I.
1919 – The Treaty of Versailles is signed, ending the state of war between Germany and the Allies of World War I.
1942 – World War II: Nazi Germany starts its strategic summer offensive against the Soviet Union, codenamed Case Blue
1950 – Korean War: Seoul is captured by North Korean troops.
1964 – Malcolm X forms the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
1969 – Stonewall riots begin in New York City, marking the start of the Gay Rights Movement.
1978 – The United States Supreme Court, in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke bars quota systems in college admissions.
1997 – Holyfield–Tyson II: Mike Tyson is disqualified in the 3rd round for biting a piece off Evander Holyfield's ear.
2004 – Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation.
1703 – John Wesley, English cleric and theologian (d. 1791)
1742 – William Hooper, American physician, lawyer, and politician (d. 1790)
1902 – Richard Rodgers, American playwright and composer (d. 1979)
1926 – Mel Brooks, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1927 – Frank Sherwood Rowland, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2012)
1932 – Pat Morita, American actor (d. 2005)
1946 – Gilda Radner, American actress and comedian (d. 1989)
1960 – John Elway, American football player and manager
1969 – Danielle Brisebois, American singer-songwriter and actress
1989 – Markiplier, American YouTuber
1836 – James Madison, American academic and politician, 4th President of the United States (b. 1751)
1914 – Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (b. 1863)
1939 – Douglas H. Johnston, last governor of the Chickasaw Nation (b. 1856)
1960 – Jake Swirbul, American businessman, co-founded the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation (b. 1898)
1975 – Rod Serling, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1924)
2007 – Eugene B. Fluckey, American admiral, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1913)
2010 – Robert Byrd, American lawyer and politician (b. 1917)
2012 – Richard Isay, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1934)
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