1788 – Virginia becomes the tenth state to ratify the United States Constitution.
1876 – Battle of the Little Bighorn and the death of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer.
1906 – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania millionaire Harry Thaw shoots and kills prominent architect Stanford White.
1910 – The United States Congress passes the Mann Act, which prohibits interstate transport of females for “immoral purposes”; the ambiguous language would be used to selectively prosecute people for years to come.
1913 – American Civil War veterans begin arriving at the Great Reunion of 1913.
1923 – Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refueling in a DH.4B biplane
1943 – The Holocaust: Jews in the Częstochowa Ghetto in Poland stage an uprising against the Nazis.
1944 – World War II: United States Navy and British Royal Navy ships bombard Cherbourg to support United States Army units engaged in the Battle of Cherbourg.
1944 – The final page of the comic Krazy Kat is published, exactly two months after its author George Herriman died.
1947 – The Diary of a Young Girl (better known as The Diary of Anne Frank) is published.
1948 – The Berlin airlift begins.
1949 – Long-Haired Hare, starring Bugs Bunny, is released in theaters.
1950 – The Korean War begins with the invasion of South Korea by North Korea.
1960 – Two cryptographers working for the United States National Security Agency left for vacation to Mexico, and from there defected to the Soviet Union.
1978 – The rainbow flag representing gay pride is flown for the first time during the San Francisco Gay Freedom Day Parade.
1981 – Microsoft is restructured to become an incorporated business in its home state of Washington.
1984 – American singer Prince releases his most successful studio album Purple Rain.
1998 – In Clinton v. City of New York, the United States Supreme Court decides that the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 is unconstitutional.
1886 – Henry H. Arnold, American general (d. 1950)
1898 – Kay Sage, American painter and poet (d. 1963)
1933 – James Meredith, American activist
1945 – Carly Simon, American singer-songwriter and actress
1954 – Sonia Sotomayor, American lawyer and judge
1956 – Anthony Bourdain, American chef and author
1875 – Katherine McKinley, American daughter of William McKinley (b. 1871)
1876 – James Calhoun, American lieutenant (b. 1845)
1876 – Boston Custer, American general (b. 1848)
1876 – George Armstrong Custer, American general (b. 1839)
1876 – Thomas Custer, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1845)
1876 – Myles Keogh, Irish-American colonel (b. 1840)
1976 – Johnny Mercer, American singer-songwriter, co-founded Capitol Records (b. 1909)
1997 – Jacques Cousteau, French oceanographer and explorer (b. 1910)
2003 – Lester Maddox, American businessman and politician, 75th Governor of Georgia (b. 1915)
2009 – Farrah Fawcett, American actress and producer (b. 1947)
2009 – Michael Jackson, American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, and actor (The Jackson 5) (b. 1958)
2012 – George Randolph Hearst, Jr., American businessman (b. 1927)
2013 – Mildred Ladner Thompson, American journalist (b. 1918)
2014 – Paul Patterson, American neuroscientist and academic (b. 1943)
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