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This Day in History: June 25


1788 – Virginia becomes the tenth state to ratify the United States Constitution.

1876 – Battle of the Little Bighorn and the death of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer.

1906 – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania millionaire Harry Thaw shoots and kills prominent architect Stanford White.

1910 – The United States Congress passes the Mann Act, which prohibits interstate transport of females for “immoral purposes”; the ambiguous language would be used to selectively prosecute people for years to come.

1913 – American Civil War veterans begin arriving at the Great Reunion of 1913.

1923 – Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refueling in a DH.4B biplane

1943 – The Holocaust: Jews in the CzÄ™stochowa Ghetto in Poland stage an uprising against the Nazis.

1944 – World War II: United States Navy and British Royal Navy ships bombard Cherbourg to support United States Army units engaged in the Battle of Cherbourg.

1944 – The final page of the comic Krazy Kat is published, exactly two months after its author George Herriman died.

1947 – The Diary of a Young Girl (better known as The Diary of Anne Frank) is published.

1948 – The Berlin airlift begins.

1949 – Long-Haired Hare, starring Bugs Bunny, is released in theaters.

1950 – The Korean War begins with the invasion of South Korea by North Korea.

1960 – Two cryptographers working for the United States National Security Agency left for vacation to Mexico, and from there defected to the Soviet Union.

1978 – The rainbow flag representing gay pride is flown for the first time during the San Francisco Gay Freedom Day Parade.

1981 – Microsoft is restructured to become an incorporated business in its home state of Washington.

1984 – American singer Prince releases his most successful studio album Purple Rain.

1998 – In Clinton v. City of New York, the United States Supreme Court decides that the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 is unconstitutional.


1886 – Henry H. Arnold, American general (d. 1950)

1898 – Kay Sage, American painter and poet (d. 1963)

1933 – James Meredith, American activist

1945 – Carly Simon, American singer-songwriter and actress

1954 – Sonia Sotomayor, American lawyer and judge

1956 – Anthony Bourdain, American chef and author


1875 – Katherine McKinley, American daughter of William McKinley (b. 1871)

1876 – James Calhoun, American lieutenant (b. 1845)

1876 – Boston Custer, American general (b. 1848)

1876 – George Armstrong Custer, American general (b. 1839)

1876 – Thomas Custer, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1845)

1876 – Myles Keogh, Irish-American colonel (b. 1840)

1976 – Johnny Mercer, American singer-songwriter, co-founded Capitol Records (b. 1909)

1997 – Jacques Cousteau, French oceanographer and explorer (b. 1910)

2003 – Lester Maddox, American businessman and politician, 75th Governor of Georgia (b. 1915)

2009 – Farrah Fawcett, American actress and producer (b. 1947)

2009 – Michael Jackson, American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, and actor (The Jackson 5) (b. 1958)

2012 – George Randolph Hearst, Jr., American businessman (b. 1927)

2013 – Mildred Ladner Thompson, American journalist (b. 1918)

2014 – Paul Patterson, American neuroscientist and academic (b. 1943)