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This Day in History: June 23

Events

1611 – The mutinous crew of Henry Hudson's fourth voyage sets Henry, his son and seven loyal crew members adrift in an open boat in what is now Hudson Bay; they are never heard from again.

1683 – William Penn signs a friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape Indians in Pennsylvania.

1780 – American Revolution: Battle of Springfield fought in and around Springfield, New Jersey (including Short Hills, formerly of Springfield, now of Millburn Township).

1810 – John Jacob Astor forms the Pacific Fur Company.

1812 – War of 1812: Great Britain revokes the restrictions on American commerce, thus eliminating one of the chief reasons for going to war.

1865 – American Civil War: At Fort Towson in the Oklahoma Territory, Confederate, Brigadier General Stand Watie surrenders the last significant rebel army.

1868 – Typewriter: Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for an invention he called the "Type-Writer."

1917 – In a game against the Washington Senators, Boston Red Sox pitcher Ernie Shore retires 26 batters in a row after replacing Babe Ruth, who had been ejected for punching the umpire.

1926 – The College Board administers the first SAT exam.

1931 – Wiley Post and Harold Gatty take off from Roosevelt Field, Long Island in an attempt to circumnavigate the world in a single-engine plane.

1938 – The Civil Aeronautics Act is signed into law, forming the Civil Aeronautics Authority in the United States.

1940 – World War II: German leader Adolf Hitler surveys newly defeated Paris in now occupied France.

1942 – World War II: The first selections for the gas chamber at Auschwitz take place on a train full of Jews from Paris.

1947 – The United States Senate follows the United States House of Representatives in overriding U.S. President Harry Truman's veto of the Taft–Hartley Act.

1959 – Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany where he resumes a scientific career.

1960 – The United States Food and Drug Administration declares Enovid to be the first officially approved combined oral contraceptive pill in the world.

1961 – Cold War: The Antarctic Treaty, which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on the continent, comes into force after the opening date for signature set for the December 1, 1959.

1967 – Cold War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson meets with Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin in Glassboro, New Jersey for the three-day Glassboro Summit Conference.

1969 – Warren E. Burger is sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court by retiring Chief Justice Earl Warren.

1969 – IBM announces that effective January 1970 it will price its software and services separately from hardware thus creating the modern software industry.

1972 – Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the Central Intelligence Agency to obstruct the Federal Bureau of Investigation's investigation into the Watergate break-ins.

1972 – Title IX of the United States Civil Rights Act of 1964 is amended to prohibit sexual discrimination to any educational program receiving federal funds.

1982 – Chinese American Vincent Chin dies in a coma after being beaten in Highland Park, Michigan on June 19, by two auto workers who had mistaken him for Japanese and who were angry about the success of Japanese auto companies.

2012 – Ashton Eaton breaks the decathlon world record at the United States Olympic Trials.

2013 – Nik Wallenda becomes the first man to successfully walk across the Grand Canyon on a tight rope.

Births

1894 – Alfred Kinsey, American entomologist and sexologist (d. 1956)

1913 – William P. Rogers, American commander, lawyer, and politician, 55th United States Secretary of State (d. 2001)

1925 – Art Modell, American businessman (d. 2012)

1927 – Bob Fosse, American actor, dancer, choreographer, and director (d. 1987)

1929 – June Carter Cash, American singer-songwriter and actress (Carter Family and The Carter Sisters) (d. 2003)

1940 – Wilma Rudolph, American runner (d. 1994)

1948 – Clarence Thomas, American lawyer and judge

1963 – Wesley Warren, Jr., American elephantiasis victim (d. 2014)

1988 – Chellsie Memmel, American gymnast

 

Deaths

1995 – Jonas Salk, American biologist and physician (b. 1914)

1997 – Betty Shabazz, American educator and activist (b. 1936)

2006 – Aaron Spelling, American actor, producer, and screenwriter, founded Spelling Television (b. 1923)

2009 – Ed McMahon, American game show host and announcer (b. 1923)

2011 – Peter Falk, American actor (b. 1927)

2013 – Frank Kelso, American admiral and politician, United States Secretary of the Navy (b. 1933)

2014 – Paula Kent Meehan, American businesswoman, co-founded Redken (b. 1931)

2015 – Dick Van Patten, American actor (b. 1928)