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This Day in History: June 14


1775 – American Revolutionary War: the Continental Army is established by the Continental Congress, marking the birth of the United States Army.

1777 – The Stars and Stripes is adopted by Congress as the Flag of the United States.

1789 – Whiskey distilled from maize is first produced by American clergyman the Rev Elijah Craig. It is named Bourbon because Rev Craig lived in Bourbon County, Kentucky.

1846 – Bear Flag Revolt begins – Anglo settlers in Sonoma, California, start a rebellion against Mexico and proclaim the California Republic.

1863 – American Civil War: Second Battle of Winchester – a Union garrison is defeated by the Army of Northern Virginia in the Shenandoah Valley town of Winchester, Virginia.

1863 – Second Assault on the Confederate works at the Siege of Port Hudson during the American Civil War.

1900 – Hawaii becomes a United States territory.

1937 – Pennsylvania becomes the first (and only) state of the United States to celebrate Flag Day officially as a state holiday.

1937 – U.S. House of Representatives passes the Marihuana Tax Act.

1940 – World War II: Paris falls under German occupation, and Allied forces retreat.

1940 – A group of 728 Polish political prisoners from Tarnów become the first residents of the Auschwitz concentration camp.

1949 – Albert II, a rhesus monkey, rides a V-2 rocket to an altitude of 134 km (83 mi), thereby becoming the first monkey in space.

1951 – UNIVAC I is dedicated by the U.S. Census Bureau.

1952 – The keel is laid for the nuclear submarine USS Nautilus.

1954 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill into law that places the words "under God" into the United States Pledge of Allegiance.

1959 – Disneyland Monorail System, the first daily operating monorail system in the Western Hemisphere, opens to the public in Anaheim, California.

1967 – Mariner program: Mariner 5 is launched towards Venus.

2002 – Near-Earth asteroid 2002 MN misses the Earth by 75,000 miles (121,000 km), about one-third of the distance between the Earth and the Moon.

2015 – A wildfire near Willow, Alaska in the Matanuska-Susitna Borough burns over 6,500 acres.


1801 – Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (d. 1868)

1811 – Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author and activist (d. 1896)

1819 – Henry Gardner, American merchant and politician, 23rd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1892)

1820 – John Bartlett, American author and publisher (d. 1905)

1840 – William F. Nast, American businessman (d. 1893)

1855 – Robert M. La Follette Sr., American lawyer and politician, 20th Governor of Wisconsin (d. 1925)

1903 – Alonzo Church, American mathematician and theorist (d. 1995)

1904 – Margaret Bourke-White, American photographer and journalist (d. 1971)

1909 – Burl Ives, American actor and singer (d. 1995)

1925 – Pierre Salinger, American journalist and politician, 11th White House Press Secretary (d. 2004)

1931 – Marla Gibbs, American actress, singer, and screenwriter

1931 – John Daido Loori, American Zen Buddhist monastic and teacher (d. 2009)

1931 – Junior Walker, American saxophonist and singer (d. 1995)

1932 – Joe Arpaio, American police officer

1946 – Donald Trump, American businessman, founded the Trump Entertainment Resorts

1952 – Pat Summitt, American basketball player and coach

1956 – Sam Irvin, American director, producer, and screenwriter

1957 – Mona Simpson, American novelist

1958 – Eric Heiden, American speed skater and physician

1968 – Yasmine Bleeth, American actress

1968 – Campbell Brown, American journalist

1969 – Steffi Graf, German-American tennis player


1801 – Benedict Arnold, American general during the American Revolution later turned British spy (b. 1741)

1825 – Pierre Charles L'Enfant, French-American architect and engineer, designed Washington, D.C. (b. 1754)

1914 – Adlai Stevenson I, American lawyer and politician, 23rd Vice President of the United States (b. 1835)

1926 – Mary Cassatt, American-French painter (b. 1843)

1967 – Eddie Eagan, American boxer and bobsledder (b. 1897)

1980 – Charles Miller, American saxophonist and flute player (War) (b. 1939)

1986 – Alan Jay Lerner, American composer and songwriter (b. 1918)

1994 – Henry Mancini, American composer and conductor (b. 1924)

2015 – Anne Nicol Gaylor, American activist, co-founded the Freedom From Religion Foundation (b. 1926)