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This Day in History: June 13

Events

1740 – Georgia provincial governor James Oglethorpe begins an unsuccessful attempt to take Spanish Florida during the Siege of St. Augustine.

1774 – Rhode Island becomes the first of Britain's North American colonies to ban the importation of slaves.

1777 – American Revolutionary War: Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette lands near Charleston, South Carolina, in order to help the Continental Congress to train its army.

1805 – Lewis and Clark Expedition: scouting ahead of the expedition, Meriwether Lewis and four companions sight the Great Falls of the Missouri River.

1881 – The USS Jeannette is crushed in an Arctic Ocean ice pack.

1893 – Grover Cleveland notices a rough spot in his mouth and on July 1 undergoes secret, successful surgery to remove a large, cancerous portion of his jaw; the operation was not revealed to the public until 1917, nine years after the president's death.

1927 – Aviator Charles Lindbergh receives a ticker tape parade down 5th Avenue in New York City.

1944 – World War II: German combat elements - reinforced by the 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division - launch a counterattack on American forces near Carentan.

1944 – World War II: Germany launches a V1 Flying Bomb attack on England. Only four of the eleven bombs actually hit their targets.

1966 – The United States Supreme Court rules in Miranda v. Arizona that the police must inform suspects of their rights before questioning them.

1967 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson nominates Solicitor-General Thurgood Marshall to become the first black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.

1969 – Governor of Texas Preston Smith signs a bill into law converting the former Southwest Center for Advanced Studies, originally founded as a research arm of Texas Instruments, into the University of Texas at Dallas.

1970 – "The Long and Winding Road" becomes The Beatles' last U.S. number one song.

1971 – Vietnam War: The New York Times begins publication of the Pentagon Papers.

1977 – Convicted Martin Luther King Jr. assassin James Earl Ray is recaptured after escaping from prison three days before.

1983 – Pioneer 10 becomes the first man-made object to leave the central Solar System when it passes beyond the orbit of Neptune (the farthest planet from the Sun at the time).

1994 – A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, blames recklessness by Exxon and Captain Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster, allowing victims of the oil spill to seek $15 billion in damages.

1996 – The Montana Freemen surrender after an 81-day standoff with FBI agents.

1997 – A jury sentences Timothy McVeigh to death for his part in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.

2002 – The United States withdraws from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.

2015 – A man opens fire at policemen outside the police headquarters in the Texas city of Dallas, while a bag containing a pipe bomb is also found. He was later shot dead by police.

Births

1786 – Winfield Scott, American general (d. 1866)

1903 – Willard Harrison Bennett, American physicist and chemist (d. 1987)

1903 – Red Grange, American football player and actor (d. 1991)

1905 – Doc Cheatham, American trumpet player, singer, and bandleader (d. 1997)

1913 – Ralph Edwards, American radio and television host (d. 2005)

1915 – Don Budge, American tennis player and coach (d. 2000)

1928 – John Forbes Nash, Jr., American mathematician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015)

1937 – Eleanor Holmes Norton, American lawyer and politician

1946 – Paul L. Modrich, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate

1951 – Richard Thomas, American actor, director, and producer

1953 – Tim Allen, American actor and producer

1962 – Ally Sheedy, American actress and author

1962 – Hannah Storm, American journalist and author

1986 – Ashley Olsen, American child actress, fashion designer, and businesswoman

1986 – Mary-Kate Olsen, American child actress, fashion designer, and businesswoman

Deaths

1784 – Henry Middleton, American farmer and politician, 2nd President of the Continental Congress (b. 1717)

1972 – Clyde McPhatter, American singer (The Drifters) (b. 1932)

1986 – Benny Goodman, American clarinet player, songwriter, and bandleader (b. 1909)

1987 – Geraldine Page, American actress (b. 1924)

1989 – Fran Allison, American television personality and puppeteer (b. 1907)

1993 – Deke Slayton, American soldier, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1924)

2008 – Tim Russert, American journalist and lawyer (b. 1950)