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This Day in History: June 1


1660 – Mary Dyer is hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1779 – Benedict Arnold, a general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, is court-martialed for malfeasance.

1792 – Kentucky is admitted as the 15th state of the United States.

1796 – Tennessee is admitted as the 16th state of the United States.

1812 – War of 1812: U.S. President James Madison asks the Congress to declare war on the United Kingdom.

1813 – James Lawrence, the mortally-wounded commander of the USS Chesapeake, gives his final order: "Don't give up the ship!"

1855 – The American adventurer William Walker conquers Nicaragua.

1861 – American Civil War: Battle of Fairfax Court House: The first land battle of the American Civil War after the Battle of Fort Sumter, producing the first Confederate combat casualty.

1862 – American Civil War: Peninsula Campaign: The Battle of Seven Pines (or the Battle of Fair Oaks) ends inconclusively, with both sides claiming victory.

1868 – The Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed, allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.

1890 – The United States Census Bureau begins using Herman Hollerith's tabulating machine to count census returns.

1916 – Louis Brandeis becomes the first Jew appointed to the United States Supreme Court.

1918 – World War I: Western Front: Battle for Belleau Wood: Allied Forces under John J. Pershing and James Harbord engage Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince.

1921 – Tulsa race riot: Civil unrest in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

1967 – Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band by The Beatles is released.

1974 – The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims is published in the journal Emergency Medicine.

1980 – Cable News Network (CNN) begins broadcasting.

1990 – George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev sign a treaty to end chemical weapon production.

1999 – American Airlines Flight 1420 slides and crashes while landing at Little Rock National Airport, killing 11 people on a flight from Dallas to Little Rock.

2009 – General Motors files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. It is the fourth largest United States bankruptcy in history.

2011 – A rare tornado outbreak occurs in New England; a strong EF3 tornado strikes Springfield, Massachusetts, during the event, killing four people.


1637 – Jacques Marquette, French missionary and explorer (d. 1675)

1801 – Brigham Young, American religious leader, 2nd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1877)

1831 – John Bell Hood, American general (d. 1879)

1833 – John Marshall Harlan, American lawyer, judge, and politician, Attorney General of Kentucky (d. 1911)

1917 – William Standish Knowles, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2012)

1921 – Nelson Riddle, American composer and bandleader (d. 1985)

1926 – Andy Griffith, American actor, singer, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2012)

1926 – Marilyn Monroe, American model and actress (d. 1962)

1934 – Pat Boone, American singer-songwriter and actor

1935 – Reverend Ike, American minister and television host (d. 2009)

1935 – John C. Reynolds, American computer scientist and academic (d. 2013)

1937 – Morgan Freeman, American actor and producer

1939 – Cleavon Little, American actor (d. 1992)

1953 – David Berkowitz, American serial killer

1955 – Tony Snow, American journalist, 26th White House Press Secretary (d. 2008)

1956 – Lisa Hartman Black, American actress and singer

1981 – Brandi Carlile, American singer-songwriter and guitarist


1660 – Mary Dyer, English-American martyr (b. 1611)

1769 – Edward Holyoke, American pastor and academic (b. 1689)

1868 – James Buchanan, American lawyer and politician, 15th President of the United States (b. 1791)

1927 – Lizzie Borden, American accused murderer (b. 1860)

1965 – Curly Lambeau, American football player and coach, founded the Green Bay Packers (b. 1898)

1966 – Papa Jack Laine, American drummer and bandleader (b. 1873)

1968 – Helen Keller, American author and activist (b. 1880)

1980 – Arthur Nielsen, American businessman, founded the ACNielsen company (b. 1897)

2000 – Tito Puente, American drummer, composer, and producer (b. 1923)

2001 – Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist, created Dennis the Menace (b. 1920)

2005 – George Mikan, American basketball player and coach (b. 1924)

2014 – Ann B. Davis, American actress (b. 1926)